As part of the News21 investigation into voting rights in the United States, a team of reporters took on the unprecedented task of gathering, organizing and analyzing all reported cases of election fraud in the country since 2000. They sent more than 2,000 public-records requests to elections officials and prosecutors, paid nearly $1,800 in fees for searches and copying, and reviewed nearly 5,000 court documents, official records and media reports. The resulting database contains information about 2,068 cases of election fraud.
The database almost certainly does not include every alleged instance of election fraud investigated since 2000. Despite the public-records effort, some jurisdictions insisted their public-records laws did not require them to respond, sent sparse information lacking important details or simply failed to reply. Much follow-up work went into filling in gaps where possible. Still, the database is the most extensive collection of election fraud cases compiled in the United States.