As Republicans and Democrats shift into general election season, House Speaker John A. Boehner (R-Ohio) and Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell (R-Ky.) asked President Obama Wednesday not to make any significant regulatory decisions after the end of the fiscal year in September — and especially in the final months of 2012, if he loses re-election.
Issuing so-called “midnight regulations” this fall “would be inconsistent” with the president’s 2009 pledge to a maintain a transparent and accountable regulatory process, the GOP leaders wrote to Obama. Making such changes as the nation continues its economic recovery also “would be ill-advised,” the leaders said, because such decisions “would distract a new Congress and potentially a new administration from focusing on jobs and the economy.”
Previous “midnight regulations” have resulted “in last minute giveaways to special interests” and have been known to tie “the hands of a newly-elected president,” the leaders wrote, adding that approving significant regulatory changes in the final weeks of a presidency also might keep those decisions from facing “the normal political checks and balances of the electorate and timely Congressional oversight.”
The letter did not refer to any such regulatory changes made by previous presidents, but McConnell’s wife, Labor Secretary Elaine Chao, was accused of moving with unusual speed in the final months of George W. Bush’s presidency to push through a rule making it tougher to regulate workers’ on-the-job exposure to chemicals and toxins.
The Labor Department quietly posted the proposal in July 2008, before Obama’s eventual victory, and the move angered workplace-safety advocates, labor unions and congressional Democrats, who accused the Bush administration of doing exactly what Republicans now hope Obama will avoid repeating.
In the final months of Bush’s term, federal worker union leaders also pushed to ensure that the White House was not improperly awarding political appointees with senior career government positions at the expense of more qualified workers. But at least 20 Bush-era appointees successfully bypassed the normal federal hiring process and “burrowed in” to career jobs.
Update, 4:55 p.m.: White House Press Secretary Jay Carney had no specific response to the letter when asked Wednesday, but added that the administration “will continue to work to ensure that our regulatory system is transparent, cost-effective, evidence-based, and modern, and that it continues to provide the net benefits that so surpassed the benefits achieved by previous administrations.”
Read the full text of the letter from Boehner and McConnell to Obama, below, and then please share your thoughts in the comments section:
April 11, 2012
The Honorable Barack Obama
The White House
1600 Pennsylvania Avenue
Washington, D.C. 20500-0005
Dear Mr. President:
It has come to our attention that statements you made in your 2012 State of the Union address with respect to federal regulations administered during your presidency were misleading. Although you may have promulgated slightly fewer rules in your first 33 months than the previous Administration, the number of economically significant federal rules, defined as those having an annual effect on the economy of $100 million or more, has increased significantly. Your Administration has also promulgated controversial rules which are designed to circumvent the express will of the Congress.
We are deeply concerned about the effect these regulations are having on economic growth and job creation in the country. Small businesses in particular are suffering because of these rules. Nearly half of small-business owners blame potential health care costs and government regulations as reasons why they are not hiring new workers. These concerns were echoed in a 2011 report on the impact of regulations by your Office of Management & Budget, which acknowledged that “[r]egulations can also impose significant costs on businesses, dampening economic competition and capital investment.”
In a memorandum published in the Federal Register on January 26, 2009, you stated that your Administration is “committed to an unprecedented level of openness in Government.” You further promised to “ensure the public trust and establish a system of transparency, public participation, and collaboration.” This memorandum also extolled the virtue of accountability.
Despite this purported commitment to transparency, openness, and accountability, your Administration has not adhered to these principles while issuing regulations. Moreover, we are concerned that as we approach the end of your current term, this commitment will be further undermined by a final push to issue a set of “midnight regulations,” with little opportunity for oversight.
“Midnight regulations” refers to the practice of finalizing rules, guidance, findings or other directives that influence the rulemaking process during the final months of a presidency. Often times, these new rules are too controversial to have been adopted earlier and result in last minute giveaways to special interests or intentionally ties the hands of a newly-elected president. In addition, such regulations may not be subject to the normal political checks and balances of the electorate and timely Congressional oversight.
We believe that issuing a raft of midnight regulations would be inconsistent with your January 2009 commitment to transparency and accountability in the rulemaking process. Moreover, with the nation facing continued economic challenges, it would be ill-advised to issue a series of last minute controversial or economically significant regulations that would distract a new congress and potentially a new administration from focusing on jobs and the economy. We ask, therefore, that you reaffirm your pledge to transparency, openness, and accountability by committing to withhold from issuing any economically significant or controversial “midnight regulations” after the current fiscal year ends on September 30, 2012.
SPEAKER OF THE HOUSE
SENATE REPUBLICAN LEADER
Follow Ed O’Keefe on Twitter: @edatpost
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