NY principals: Why new Common Core tests failed

(Note: This version adds principal signature to list)

Teachers and principals in New York have expressed strong concerns about the new high-stakes standardized tests supposedly aligned with the Common Core State Standards that were recently given to students across the state. The following letter to New York Education Commissioner John King from a number of New York principals explains the depth of the problems educators found with the tests.

May 2013

 

Dear New York State Education Commissioner John King,

 

We New York City and Metropolitan Area Principals hold ourselves accountable to ensuring that all of our students make consistent and meaningful academic progress. Although we are skeptical of the ability of high stakes tests alone to accurately capture students’ growth, we understand a system’s need for efficiently establishing and measuring milestones of learning.

 

We have been encouraged by the new National Common Core Standards’ call for more rigorous work that promotes critical thinking, and many of us have been engaged in meaningful curriculum revisions as a result. We were hopeful that this year’s state exams would better represent the college preparatory-type performance tasks that Common Core exemplifies. Unfortunately, we feel that not only did this year’s New York State Exams take an extreme toll on our teachers, families and most importantly, our students, they also fell short of the aspirations of these Standards.

 

For these reasons, we would like to engage in a constructive dialogue with you and your team to help ensure that moving forward our New York State Exams are true and fair assessments of the Common Core Standards. As it stands, we are concerned about the limiting and unbalanced structure of the test, the timing, format and length of the daily test sessions, and the efficacy of Pearson in this work.

 

In both their technical and task design, these tests do not fully align with the Common Core. If one was to look closely at the Common Core Learning Standards (www.corestandards.org) and compare them to the tests, it is evident that the ELA tests focused mostly on analyzing specific lines, words and structures of information text and their significance rather than the wide array of standards.

 

As a result, many students spent much of their time reading, rereading and interpreting difficult and confusing questions about authors’ choices around structure and craft in informational texts, a Common Core skill that is valuable, but far from worthy of the time and effort given by the test. Spending so much time on these questions was at the expense of many of the other deep and rich common core skills and literacy shifts that the state and city emphasized. The Common Core emphasizes reading across different texts, both fiction and non-fiction, in order to determine and differentiate between central themes—an authentic college practice. Answering granular questions about unrelated topics is not. Because schools have not had a lot of time to unpack Common Core, we fear that too many educators will use these high stakes tests to guide their curricula, rather than the more meaningful Common Core Standards themselves. And because the tests are missing Common Core’s essential values, we fear that students will experience curriculum that misses the point as well.

 

Even if these tests were assessing students’ performance on tasks aligned with the Common Core Standards, the testing sessions—two weeks of three consecutive days of 90-minute (and longer for some) periods—were unnecessarily long, requiring more stamina for a 10-year-old special education student than of a high school student taking an SAT exam. Yet, for some sections of the exams, the time was insufficient for the length of the test. When groups of parents, teachers and principals recently shared students’ experiences in their schools, especially during the ELA exams with misjudged timing expectations, we learned that frustration, despondency, and even crying were common reactions among students. The extremes were  unprecedented: vomiting, nosebleeds, suicidal ideation, and even hospitalization.

 

There were more multiple-choice questions than ever before, a significant number of which, we understand, were embedded field-test questions that do not factor into a child’s score but do take time to answer and thus prevent students from spending adequate time on the more authentic sections like the writing assessment. In English, the standards themselves and everything we as pedagogues know to be true about reading and writing say that multiple interpretations of a text are not only possible but necessary when reading deeply. However, for several multiple choice questions the distinction between the right answer and the next best right answer was paltry at best. The fact that teachers report disagreeing about which multiple-choice answer is correct in several places on the ELA exams indicates that this format is unfair to students. Further, the directions for at least one of the English Language Arts sessions were confusing and tended to misdirect students’ energies from the more authentic writing sections. The math tests contained 68 multiple-choice problems often repeatedly assessing the same skills. The language of these math questions was often unnecessarily confusing. These questions should not be assessing our students’ ability to decipher convoluted language. Instead, they should be assessing deep understanding of core concepts.

 

Finally, we are concerned about putting the fate of so many in the education community in the hands of Pearson – a company with a history of mistakes, most recently with the mis-scoring of the NYC test for the gifted and talented program. (Thirteen percent of those 4 to 7 year olds who sat for the exam were affected by the errors; Pearson has a 3-year DOE contract for this test alone, worth $5.5 million.) There are many other examples of Pearson’s questionable reliability in the area of test design: In Spring 2012 only 27% of 4th grade students passed a new Florida writing test. Parents complained, the test was reevaluated, and the passing score was changed so that the percentage of students who passed climbed to 81%. The Spring 2012 NYS ELA 8th grade test had to be reevaluated after complaints about meaningless reading passages about talking pineapples and misleading questions. (See Alan Singer, Huffington Post, 4/24/13; John Tierney, The Atlantic, 4/25/13.) Parents and taxpayers have anecdotal information, but are unable to debate the efficacy of these exams when they are held highly secured and not released for more general analysis. These exams determine student promotion. They determine which schools individual students can apply to for middle and high school. They are a basis on which the state and city will publicly and privately evaluate teachers. The exams determine whether a school might fall under closer scrutiny after a poor grade on the test-linked state and city progress reports or even risk being shut down. These realities give us an even greater sense of urgency to make sure the tests reflect our highest aspirations for student learning.
So, we respectfully request a conversation about the direction of New York’s Common Core State Exams. As the state is in its early phases of Common Core assessment, we have a wonderful opportunity to align our efforts towards learning that best prepares our children for their future lives. We believe we can do better – and we are committed to helping New York realize the full promises of Common Core.

 

Respectfully,

 

Ellen Foote
Principal of Hudson River Middle School, I.S. 289

 

Mark Federman
Principal of East Side Community High School, H.S. 450

 

Stacy Goldstein
Principal of School of the Future, M413

 

David Getz
Principal of East Side Middle School, M114

 

Laura Mitchell
Principal of Young Womens’ Leadership School of Astoria, Q286

 

Rhonda Perry
Principal of The Salk School of Science, M.S. 255

 

Kelly McGuire
Principal of Lower Manhattan Community Middle School, M896

 

Jeanne Rotunda
Principal of West Side Collaborative Middle School, P.S. 250

 

Ramon Gonzalez
Principal of The Laboratory School of Science and Technology, M.S. 223

 

Paula Lettiere
Principal of Fort Greene Preparatory Academy, K691

 

Amy Andino
Principal of The Academy of Public Relations, X298

 

Maria Stile
Principal of Heathcote Elementary School, Scarsdale Public Schools

 

Rex Bobbish
Principal of The Cinema School, X478

 

Elaine Schwartz
Principal of Center School, M.S. 243

 

Elizabeth Phillips
Principal of William Penn Elementary, P.S. 321

 

Chrystina Russell
Principal of Global Technology Prep, M406

 

Giselle McGee
Principal of The Carroll, P.S. 58

 

Elizabeth Collins
Principal of University Neighborhood High School, H.S. 448

 

Jennifer Rehn
Principal of Wagner Middle School, M.S. 167

 

Anna Allanbrook
Principal of Brooklyn New School, P.S. 146

 

Henry Zymeck
Principal of The Computer School, M.S. 245

 

Julia Zuckerman
Principal I.A. of Castle Bridge School, P.S. 513

 

Alison Hazut
Principal of Earth School, P.S. 364

 

George Morgan
Principal of Technology, Arts and Sciences School, M301

 

Alicia Perez-Katz
Principal of Baruch College Campus High School, M411

 

Sandra Pensak

Principal in Hewlett-Woodmere Public Schools

 

Peter Carp

Principal of Institute for Collaborative Education, M407

 

Sharon Fiden

Principal of Doris Cohen Elementary, P.S.230

 

Lisa Nelson

Principal of Isaac Newton JHS for Science and Math, M825

 

Alyce Barr

Principal of Brooklyn School for Collaborative Studies, K448

 

Christina Fuentes

Principal of Spuyten Duyvil School, P.S. 24

 

Naomi Smith

Principal of Central Park East II, M964

 

Rebecca Fagin,
Principal of John M Harrigan, P.S. 29

 

Bernadette Fitzgerald,
Principal of The School of Discovery, P.S. 503

 

Alex White,
Principal of Gotham Professional Arts Academy, K594

 

Maria Nunziata,
Principal of Hernando DeSoto School, P.S. 130

 

Lindley Uehling,
Principal of Central Park East I, M497

 

Christine Olson,
I.A. Principal of James Baldwin School, M313

 

Robyn S. Lane
Principal of Quaker Ridge School, Scarsdale

 

Robert Bender
Principal of The WIlliam T. Harris School

 

Lauren Fontana
Principal of The Lillie Devereaux Blake School

 

Erica Zigelman
Principal of MS 322

 

Sharon Fougner
Principal of Em Baker School, Great Neck Public Schools

 

Kelly Newman
Assistant Superintendent, Great Neck Public Schools

 

Ron Gimondo
Principal of John F. Kennedy School, Great Neck Public Schools

 

Lydia Bellino
Assistant Superintendent, Cold Spring Harbor Public Schools

 

Eric Nezowitz
Principal of Saddle Rock Elementary, Great Neck Public Schools

 

Arthur Brown
Principal of The Museum School, P.S. 33

 

Constance Bond PH.D.
Principal of St. Hope Leadership Academy

 

 

Sonhando Estwick
Tompkins Square Middle School

 

 

 

Valerie Strauss covers education and runs The Answer Sheet blog.
Comments
Show Comments
Most Read Local
Next Story
Valerie Strauss · May 22, 2013