Zandi had initially revised his forecast a few weeks ago, and the positive signs for jobs since then have confirmed his prediction that “we’re on track,” he tells me. Businesses have hired more than he had expected in January, suggesting that companies had “probably overshot in their firing and layoffs during the recession — they were panicked and overdid it,” Zandi explains. As a result, they can’t squeeze any more out of the existing workforce, so they’re having to hire instead to increase productivity.
Another, less heartening reason that the unemployment rate is improving so rapidly is that more people have given up looking for work and are dropping out of the labor force. If they started searching once again — perhaps because the jobs market is looking better — the unemployment rate could rise once more. But Zandi doesn’t think that the labor force dropouts will return until there’s a much bigger improvement in the jobs market, which probably won’t happen until the end of 2013, according to his forecast. “They’re not going to step back in until unemployment goes below 7 percent, and until there’s higher wage growth,” he explains.
On the flip side, there are still a whole host of factors that could threaten employment, along with the rest of the macroeconomy, in 2012. Zandi singles out rising gas prices as “the most immediate threat” to growth, along with the unresolved euro-zone crisis, the fragile housing market and pending federal budget decisions for programs that expire at the end of 2012.