Sens. Coburn and Portman question VA ‘official time’ for union activities

Two Republican senators on Wednesday raised concerns about Veterans Affairs employees who spend all their federally paid work time on union activities while the agency tries to plow through a massive claims backlog.

Sen. Tom Coburn (R-Okla.). (Susan Walsh/AP). Sen. Tom Coburn (R-Okla.). (Susan Walsh/AP).

Sen. Tom Coburn (Okla.) and Sen. Rob Portman (Ohio) questioned the practice Wednesday in a letter to VA Secretary Eric Shinseki, asking for details on how many employees spend 100 percent of their paid time on union-related work — known as “official time” — and whether the agency has had to hire new employees to cover their formal job duties, among other details.

The senators noted that 188 VA employees worked entirely on official time between January 2012 and February 2013. The Federal Eye confirmed that number with documents that the conservative group Americans for Limited Government obtained through a Freedom of Information Act request.

“It is essential that every VA employee is dedicated 100 percent to our nation’s mission of providing the best healthcare to our veterans in a timely manner,” the letter said. “Federal employees not serving veterans during official time could lead to the failure of VA’s top goals, and the well-being of of those who have sacrificed in the service of our nation could be compromised.”

Federal labor law allows official time for union activities such as collective bargaining, representing workers in grievances and disciplinary matters, and communicating about workplace issues. It does not permit pay for internal union business or handling matters unrelated to employment conditions.

The law does not limit the amount of paid time that federal workers can spend on union activities. Instead, it allows agencies and the unions to work out agreements  on what is “reasonable, necessary, and in the public interest.”

In a 2011 report to Congress, the Office of Personnel Management described official time as “a critical component of the carefully crafted collective bargaining system that Congress created for the Federal Government.”

Government costs for official time increased nearly 12 percent in 2011 compared to the previous year, according to an OPM report.

On Wednesday, the union that represents VA employees contested the notion that official time has inhibited the agency from handling its caseload.

“These employees help mitigate workplace disputes and personnel matters that often hinder the effective delivery of services,” said Alma Lee, president of the American Federation of Government Employees VA council. “Having dedicated employee representatives on hand to address labor-management issues as they occur benefits the agency and its customers.”

The VA in May increased overtime to help deal with the agency’s claims backlog. In addition, House Democrats have introduced legislation to help improve the numbers, and the White House has proposed a 13.6 increase in VA funding for the handling of veterans’ benefits.

For more federal news, visit The Federal Eye, The Fed Page and Post Politics. To connect with Josh Hicks, follow his Twitter feed, friend his Facebook page or e-mail josh.hicks@washpost.comE-mail federalworker@washpost.com with news tips and other suggestions.

Josh Hicks covers Maryland politics and government. He previously anchored the Post’s Federal Eye blog, focusing on federal accountability and workforce issues.
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