The economic output of 49 states grew last year, but don’t pity laggard Alaska too much.
That’s because while Alaska was the only state to see its Real Gross Domestic Product shrink last year, according to Wednesday data from the Bureau of Economic Analysis, it still has the nation’s highest per capita real GDP at $70,113. The national average was $49,115. Mississippi had the lowest at $32,421.
The mining sector — which under BEA’s definition includes oil and gas extraction, metal and nonmetal mining, and support activities for mining — was the source of Alaska’s woes. Thanks, in particular, to lower output on the state’s North Slope. But the sector was also a major contributor in five of the fastest-growing states. Mining was responsible for just over a third of North Dakota’s explosive growth last year. That state was the runaway leader, with economic output up 9.7 percent in 2013 from the year before. Since 2010, the state has seen its output grow by 44 percent, a rate nearly three times that of runner-up Texas and more than 3.5 times that of third-ranked Utah.
Overall, the top three contributors to the growth in economic output by state were: nondurable goods (items such as food and drink purchased for off-site consumption, clothing, gas and other energy goods); real estate and rental and leasing; and agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting.
Non-durable goods led the growth last year, swelling 5.3 percent last year after shrinking by 0.5 percent in 2012. It was the top contributor to GDP growth in 10 states and three of the eight regions into which the BEA divides the country. Real estate and rental and leasing was the top contributor to growth in the New England region. Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting contributed to growth in all regions and 49 states and was the top contributor to growth in the Plains region, which covers the Dakotas, Minnesota, Iowa, Nebraska, Kansas and Missouri.
The government sector shrank in six of eight regions and 39 states, slicing off two fifths of a percentage point from growth in Georgia and Louisiana.
Seventeen states saw growth in the 1 percent to 2 percent range. Eleven states saw growth below that, while 10 states saw growth between 2 and 3 percent.
Click on each state in the map below to see how quickly its economic output grew in 2013 from the year before as well as from 2010. States shaded more darkly are ones that saw faster growth between 2012 and 2013.