Environmentalists demand new climate analysis for Keystone XL

HARDISTY, ALBERTA - JUNE 21: Bryan Templeton is facilities manager at the Keystone facility. The pipes at left are literally the ones that will connect the existing Keystone operation with the new expanded Keystone XL (AKA Keystone B) which is under construction.(Photo by Michael S. Williamson/The Washington Post
HARDISTY, ALBERTA - JUNE 21: Bryan Templeton is facilities manager at the Keystone facility. The pipes at left will connect the existing Keystone operation with the new expanded Keystone XL (AKA Keystone B) which is under construction. (Photo by Michael S. Williamson/The Washington Post

Just a day before President Obama announced he would only approve the Keystone XL pipeline if it "does not significantly exacerbate the climate problem," six environmental groups quietly lodged a protest with the State Department charging it would do exactly that.

The 48-page letter obtained by The Washington Post demands the State Department, which has jurisdiction over the pipeline permit, prepare a new supplemental environmental impact statement to take into account several new analyses that they say prove the project will speed heavy crude extraction in Canada's oil sands region.

The State Department is currently responding to more than 1.2 million comments on the Supplemental Draft Environmental Impact Statement it issued March 1, which it plans to finalize this fall. In that document, the department suggested denial of TransCanada's permit would have little overall climate impact because the oil would be extracted and shipped out anyway, largely by rail.

"Approval or denial of any one crude oil transport project, including the proposed Project, remains unlikely to significantly impact the rate of extraction in the oil sands, or the continued demand for heavy crude oil at refineries in the U.S.," the draft assessment reads. "Limitations on pipeline transport would force more crude oil to be transported via other modes of transportation, such as rail which would probably (but not certainly) be more expensive."

By contrast, the six advocacy groups -- Bold Nebraska, Center for Biological Diversity, National Wildlife Federation, Natural Resources Defense Council, Oil Change International, and the Sierra Club -- said recent evidence does not support this conclusion.

“Since the close of the comment period, evidence of inaccuracies and bias in the State Department’s review of Keystone XL has been steadily mounting,” says Doug Hayes, a Sierra Club attorney. “This new information demonstrates that the review relies on an overly-simplistic, outdated view of a rapidly-changing oil market.”

They cite several reasons for redoing the assessment's climate analysis, including a Goldman Sachs report that questions the extent to which rail shipments can replace a pipeline slated to transport 830,000 barrels of crude per day; the Royal Bank of Canada’s estimate that denying the project would jeopardize $9.4 billion in oil sands development; and the fact that the Environmental Protection Agency filed comments in April suggesting the State Department downplayed the amount of greenhouse gas emissions linked to the project's construction. EPA estimated the pipeline's annual climate impact -- taking into account the carbon intensity of Alberta's oil compared to average crude oil -- would be 18.7 million metric tons of carbon from the time of extraction to the time it reaches gas stations.

The groups also call on State Department officials to take into account the higher "social cost of carbon" the administration is now using, which aims to capture the negative climate impact of activities that release carbon into the atmosphere. This month the Office of Management and Budget raised that figure by roughly 60 percent.

In a statement Thursday, State Department spokeswoman Jen Psaki said the environmental review "process is designed to identify and analyze multiple environmental issues, including climate change, and that work is already underway."

"We are currently working towards a Final [Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement], incorporating the requisite analysis and more than 1.2 million comments," she said. "The State Department is committed to a review that is rigorous, transparent, and efficient."

In an e-mail TransCanada spokesman Shawn Howard called the criticism “just one more example of the professional activists looking for reasons to delay the project when the facts do not support their claims.”

He noted that Canadian crude producers have ordered rail cars capable of moving more than 10 million barrels of oil, which are set to be delivered next year, and  six firms are in the  process of building or expanding 16 rail terminals in western Canada.

Oil Sands Fact Check, a group funded largely by oil companies along with manufacturing, chemical and other firms, issued a statement noting the Goldman Sachs report cited by environmentalists said analysts “believe risk would grow that Canadian heavy oil/oil sands supply would remain trapped in the province of Alberta” if Keystone XL was stopped, not that it would be stranded indefinitely.

Will the State Department do a new assessment? That remains to be seen, since the department is in the midst of finalizing its environmental impact statement, and it did not respond to a request for comment Thursday.

Juliet Eilperin is a White House correspondent for The Washington Post, covering domestic and foreign policy as well as the culture of 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue. She is the author of two books—one on sharks, and another on Congress, not to be confused with each other—and has worked for the Post since 1998.
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