The official said the first five "Promise Zones" will be San Antonio, Philadelphia, Los Angeles, Southeastern Kentucky and Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma.
The White House responded to former defense secretary Robert Gates's comments on President Obama's leadership and criticism of Vice President Biden.
"I think he has been wrong on nearly every major foreign policy and national security issue over the past four decades,” Gates wrote of Biden, according to the New York Times.
"To hear the two of them making these admissions, and in front of me, was as surprising as it was dismaying," Gates writes in his new memoir.
"They just want a shot," Obama says.
Obama will make the case that the failure to extend the benefits will hurt the economy as a whole.