New House GOP tax reform plan drops tax rates, popular deductions


Michigan's Reps. Dave Camp, left, and Fred Upton head to a Republican caucus meeting on Capitol Hill on Wednesday. (AP Photo/J. Scott Applewhite)

The Republican chairman of the tax-writing House Ways and Means Committee unveiled a bold but politically hazardous overhaul of the nation’s tax laws Wednesday that would jettison hundreds of popular tax breaks in favor of a simpler code with lower rates.

The proposal drafted by Rep. Dave Camp (R-Mich.) would significantly reduce rates for individuals and corporations, pushing the top corporate rate down to 25 percent from 35 percent and the top individual rate down to 35 percent from 39.6 percent.

Tax-filing season would also be much easier for most households, with 95 percent of filers likely to claim a new expanded standard deduction and call it a day.

However, all that simplicity comes at the cost of hundreds of credits and deductions that have been woven into the American way of life. There would be no more personal exemptions for you, your spouse and your dependents; no more credit for child care; no more deductions for medical bills or for state and local taxes.

The mortgage interest deduction would be available only for mortgages worth less than $500,000, instead of the current $1 million (though currently held mortgages would be grandfathered). And an important tax break for the poor would be dramatically scaled back.

Investment income would lose its special status and be taxed like regular income. And the wealthiest households — those earning more than $450,000 a year — would lose virtually every deduction and credit, including the tax-free treatment of health insurance premiums paid by their employers.

During a news conference, Camp argued that the proposal would sharply boost economic growth and create nearly 2 million jobs over the next decade. Tax analysts predicted that his amibtious package would jumpstart a serious discussion about the merits of tax reform.

But as the screaming started in the K Street lairs of industry lobbyists, Camp’s prospects for passing any part of his plan before he gives up his chairmanship early next year were surpassingly dim.

“To get to a 25 percent rate, it was always the view that you couldn’t get there without having blood in the streets. Well, they’ve proven that. They’ve just gotten rid of everything,” said Dean Zerbe, a longtime Republican tax aide in the Senate who now serves as national managing director for the Alliant Group.

Related stories:

The GOP’s new tax-cutting plan still hits the rich

READ: The House GOP’s plan to reform the tax code

Lori Montgomery covers U.S. economic policy and the federal budget, focusing on efforts to tame the national debt.
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