Map: Tracking how countries are answering Snowden’s asylum requests

July 2, 2013

A member of Wikileaks has submitted asylum requests on behalf of Edward Snowden to 21 countries, according to the transparency organization. We'll be tracking their responses as they come in and posting them to the above map. See also a more detailed list below.

So far, only Venezuela and Bolivia have suggested openness to the idea of sheltering Snowden. Though neither has committed and officials from Ecuador made similar statements before ultimately inching away from Snowden, the two left-leaning Latin American countries have shown a willingness in the past to defy the United States.

Several countries have said only that Snowden must first be on their soil to apply for asylum. This does not rule out the possibility of asylum, nor does it rule out ultimately rejecting his claim and possibly extraditing him to the United States, meaning that Snowden may not see these countries as viable options.

Considering request

• Bolivia: President Evo Morales told Kremlin-backed TV station RT, "If there were a request, of course we would be willing to debate and consider the idea."

• Venezuela: President Nicolas Maduro hinted that Venezuela may be receptive, though he stopped short of promising asylum. "He deserves the world's protection. He has not asked us for it yet. When he does we will give our answer," Maduro said in public comments.

Must be in-country to apply

• Austria, Finland, Iceland, Ireland, the Netherlands, Spain, Switzerland

• Ecuador: President Rafael Correa described his country's previous assistance to Snowden as "a mistake on our part" and said that Snowden could not travel to Ecuador to request asylum without his passport, which the U.S. had revoked.

No response

• Cuba, France, Germany, Iceland, Italy, Nicaragua

Implicit asylum decline

• China: The Chinese government's decision to quietly compel or at least allow Snowden to leave Hong Kong, which is nominally independent but formally under Chinese rule, would seem to indicate that Beijing does not wish to shelter him.

• Russia: Snowden has withdrawn his request for Russian political asylum, a presidential spokesman said Tuesday, apparently because he was unwilling to go along with President Vladimir Putin’s requirement that he stop any activity damaging to the United States.

• Norway: Norwegian deputy justice secretary Paal Loenseth told a state broadcast, "According to normal procedures ... his demand will be denied." But Loenseth separately said, apparently leaving more room for flexibility, "The Norwegian authorities can theoretically permit entry to Norway and asylum to a person that we think is important for foreign political reasons, but I can’t see any such reasons in this particular case."

Declined asylum

• Brazil: A foreign ministry spokesman said they had decided not to answer his asylum request.

• India: "We have carefully examined the request," foreign ministry spokesman Syed Akbaruddin said, The Washington Post's Rama Lakshmi reports from New Delhi. "Following that examination we have concluded that we see no reason to accede to the request." Earlier on Tuesday, foreign minister Salman Khurshid went a step further and said that the U.S. surveillance program was "not actually snooping." He explained, "Some of the information they got out of their scrutiny, they were able to use it to prevent serious terrorist attacks in several countries."

• Poland: Foreign Minister Radoslaw Sikorski wrote on Twitter that Snowden's request would be denied.

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Max Fisher | July 2, 2013