Despite the move, New York could still support whatever deal emerges. At the same time, it makes the path more difficult for Miller and others if they are forced to move forward without one of the most influential states, not to mention one hit hard by the foreclosure crisis and home to many of the financial firms under scrutiny. The absence of New York also could diminish the size of any settlement.
Miller’s decision underscores tensions that have boiled over as officials try to finalize the multibillion-dollar deal with the banks whose widespread mortgage servicing problems — from appalling customer service to hundreds of thousands of “robosigned” documents — sparked national outrage last fall.
A central issue is how broad a release from future legal claims banks should receive in exchange for agreeing to overhaul their mortgage servicing practices and paying tens of billions of dollars in penalties.
Schneiderman, who has undertaken investigations into the way banks bundled and sold pools of mortgages, known as securitization, has said any settlement should not release banks from liability for all their mortgage-related sins committed before the financial crisis. Attorneys general from several other states, including Delaware, Nevada and Massachusetts, have expressed similar concerns.
Inherent in Schneiderman’s warnings was an implication that officials negotiating the current deal are willing to give away too much, a suggestion that those involved in the talks describe as inaccurate and infuriating. Several people familiar with the talks said those at the negotiating table have never considered granting banks immunity from claims related to the securitization process, nor have they sought to prevent Schneiderman and others from pursuing broader investigations into other issues, such as securitization, fair housing claims and criminal fraud.
“This investigation has been about robosigning and loan modifications for homeowners, so the release in the settlement should mirror that; it should be a narrow release,” said Illinois Attorney General Lisa Madigan (no relation to Iowa’s Madigan). “It was never intended to serve as a settlement for all the violations that the nation’s banks have engaged in.”
Schneiderman has insisted that too hasty a settlement could let banks off too easily. He wants a more comprehensive investigation into all aspects of the mortgage crisis, followed by a larger settlement that would bring relief both to struggling homeowners and large institutional investors who bought mortgage-backed securities that turned out to be worthless.
But some state and federal officials involved in the talks argue that such an approach would be unwieldy and could take too long. The logistics of having large investors and individual homeowners lumped together “are absolutely insane,” one of the officials said. “This was never intended to be everything under the sun. . . . This is about one aspect of this, and for that aspect, this is a . . . good settlement.”
Another person familiar with the situation, who like some others requested anonymity to speak more freely, said Schneiderman had been pressured by state and federal officials to drop his opposition to the potential settlement, which would force five of the nation’s largest banks to overhaul their servicing models and dedicate more resources to helping troubled homeowners. They also would have to pay about $20 billion in penalties to fund foreclosure prevention efforts.
Those pressing Schneiderman argue that despite the need for broader investigations over time, homeowners stand to benefit from a settlement in the short term. “We think the time for relief is short if we’re going to help people” facing foreclosure, said one Obama administration official. Madigan, the Illinois attorney general, said additional investigations such as Schneiderman’s “can continue and should continue.” But, she said, “It doesn’t have to be all at the same time.”
In a statement, Miller said New York had been “intimately involved in every aspect of this investigation and possible settlement” since October. He said Schneiderman also was invited in June to join a smaller “negotiation committee” but declined.
“Since that time, New York has actively worked to undermine the very same multistate group that it had spent the previous nine months working very closely with,” Miller said. “While we certainly respect the right of any state to choose to no longer participate in a multistate and to pursue another path, working to actively undermine a multistate while still a member of the executive committee simply doesn’t make sense, is unprecedented and is unacceptable.”
Schneiderman showed no sign of backing down Tuesday.
In a statement, spokesman Danny Kanner said Schneiderman remains “committed to a comprehensive resolution” to all mortgage abuses and that “ongoing investigations by attorneys general cannot be shut down by efforts to settle quickly.” He said Miller’s decision would not prevent Schneiderman from continuing “to be an active voice on these issues as a part of the 50-state coalition and in other forums.”
Delaware Attorney General Beau Biden praised Schneiderman for continuing “to raise important and legitimate concerns about the scope of the releases being demanded by the banks.”