The scenario: Rachel is needlessly interrupted in the shower when her two sons, Jackson, 8, and Wyatt, 6, scuffle over a tricycle. The boys’ inability to independently take turns is both an impediment to their social development and is what Rachel considers to be a “defect” in her family’s normal operations.
The resolution: Rachel steps in and calls a family meeting in a manner reminiscent of “pulling the Andon cord” — a signal that factory employees use to indicate a problem or defect on the production line. This action stops production, calls a supervisor and initiates a problem-solving investigation at the actual place that a defect occurs. The Japanese term for this is genchi genbutsu, or gemba. If possible, a correction is made on the spot and production continues. She calls the boys into the backyard, the scene of the dispute.
“Let’s figure this out,” Rachel says to the boys, “Tell me what happened.” They explain that they cannot determine who should play with the contested toy first. In an effort to decide, they have used their martial-arts moves on one another a little too hard! “You boys will be living together for the next 11 years,” Rachel says. “There will always be things that there is only one of. Let’s figure out a system now for taking turns so you don’t have to push each other next time, okay? Will you help me?” The boys nod. “Do either of you have an idea for deciding how to share?” their mother asks.
“We can take turns,” says Wyatt, confidently.
“That’s a great idea! How can you decide whose turn is first?” Rachel says.
Jackson weighs in. “We can flip a coin!”
The children decide to hide quarters around the house and yard so they are easily accessible in the event of a disagreement, and to permanently assign themselves a heads and tails designation. They also agree on 15 minutes as a standard length of time for a turn. That way, if one boy really wants the toy and it isn’t his turn, he can watch the clock — ideally without detracting from his brother’s enjoyment.
“Great problem-solving, guys,” says their mother, proudly. “Now, here’s the most important part. This idea will only work if we all agree to participate. Why don’t we try it for a month? If a month goes by and we don’t think this is working, we can think of something else. All in favor say, aye!” The boys raise their hands and commit, at least in theory, to the newly improved process.
The lesson: While interpersonal conflict and communications failures are a part of everyday family life (and business), martial-arts moves that hit below the belt qualify as “defects” in the way a family (or business) works. A desired range of acceptable variability for any process can be defined and measured — and any occurrences outside of that variability termed a “defect” — just as tolerance ranges for machine operation can be established in a manufacturing setting.
Equally important is Rachel’s approach to implementing a resolution. She realizes that an optimal solution need not be reached immediately to take action — and by suggesting a 30-day trial period as a great first step, she doesn’t let “perfect” get in the way of “better.” By setting aside the time and space to support the boys in creating their own solution, she takes a lesson from the equation known as E=Q*A.
What does that spell?
The (E)ffectiveness of a solution is equal to its (Q)uality multiplied by the (A)cceptance of the participants. You do the math!
— Elliott Weiss and Rebecca Goldberg
Weiss is a professor of business administration at the University of Virginia Darden School of Business. Goldberg, his co-author, is a strategy consultant and management educator.