Editors' pick

Battleground National Cemetery

Historic Site
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Editorial Review

More than 900 were killed or wounded on both sides in the battle of Fort Stevens. After the Confederates retreated July 12, Union troops set to work burying 40 of their comrades in a peach orchard owned by farmer James Malloy, whose land had been part of the battlefield.

That night, Lincoln dedicated the one-acre cemetery, one of the smallest national cemeteries in the country. The 41st burial took place in March 1936, when Maj. Edward R. Campbell, the last Union survivor of the battle and the only one who chose to be interred there, was laid to rest.

The cemetery and accompanying lodge have been undergoing restoration work, which National Park Service program manager Alexa Viets says is "99 percent there." Visitors can see 41 graves, memorials to the volunteer units involved in the battle and a marble rostrum added in 1921.

-- Fritz Hahn (April 2011)