Davis was sent for evaluation at St. Elizabeths, the District’s psychiatric hospital, where doctors deemed him not competent to stand trial.
But doctors determined in December that Davis's condition had improved, and this week, a series of hearings began to reevaluate his competency. If Judge Robert E. Morin determines that Davis is competent, he could be discharged from St. Elizabeths and sent to the D.C. jail to await trial.
Davis’s court-appointed public defenders have filed dozens of pages of evaluations from doctors who have reviewed Davis’s medical records since childhood and have interviewed him and his family.
The court filings offer new information about a troubled man who has wrestled with mental illness since birth.
Davis was one of seven brothers and sisters, including Vernon Davis, a tight end for the San Francisco 49ers, and Vontae Davis, a cornerback for the Indianapolis Colts. Neither of the two football players returned requests for comment left with media representatives.
Davis’s parents, grandmother and other family members crowded into two rows of Morin’s courtroom as the hearings began Monday. They also declined to comment.
According to the papers filed by the defense, Jacqueline Davis, the suspect's mother, used crack cocaine and abused alcohol. She was also treated for a sexually transmitted disease, and Davis tested positive for the disease when he was born, the reports say. Davis’s father, Otis Willis, struggled with his own mental illness at the time, according to the papers. Willis declined to comment after the hearing.
The defense filings also say that Davis was born with a physical impairment — two tongues. Doctors removed one of the tongues when he was a child. Development was slow. He did not take his first step until he was 2 and did not speak until he was 3.
When he was 5, Davis went to live with his maternal grandmother. He was often quiet and rarely socialized with other children. He often kept to himself. When his grandmother enrolled him in pre-kindergarten, ADHD was diagnosed, and he was treated with Ritalin. His teachers put in him special education classes. When he was in the first grade, he was placed in a program for learning disabled or impaired children, the filings say. He repeated the third grade twice.
When he was 8 or 9, Davis, like his brothers, began playing football. But he didn’t play long before he started experiencing “significant headaches,” according to one of the reports by a St. Elizabeths doctor.
When he was 10, things became dangerous. Davis started showing violent behavior toward himself. Family members would try to stop him from banging his head on the floor.
By age 12, family members reported that Davis would “stare at people in an uncanny, bizarre manner” and would act “aggressively” toward his sisters. Davis continued to isolate himself. But he also had a fascination with breaking things and taking electronic items apart, such as his grandmother’s appliances.
As Davis approached adolescence, family members told doctors that they began noticing more challenging behavior, including responding to voices that only he could hear, the court papers say. One of the doctors at St. Elizabeths reported that Davis developed a “major psychotic illness,” most likely, schizophrenia, at that time.
In summer 2008, at age 15, he was determined to have an IQ of 71, in the impaired range. He was placed in a summer residential program, but his behavior worsened. One instructor saw Davis washing his clothes in the washing machine, one item at a time. The program also prescribed medication to control his illness, but Davis would hide the pills in his cheeks rather than swallow them, the documents said.
Later that year, Davis, then 16, was admitted to the Psychiatric Institute of Washington for an evaluation for “his safety,” according to one of the court filings.
It was his first hospitalization, but there would be many more. Davis bounced in and out of hospitals in the following months and years, battling drug use and “bizarre behavior,” the court records show. Schizophrenia was diagnosed; he was “clearly psychotic,” doctors wrote.
Davis’s final hospital stay before the attacks was in February 2012, when he was discharged from Howard Hospital, according to the court records. At the time, a doctor noted in his records that he had stopped taking some of his medication.
The first hammer attack occurred April 24, and the attacks continued through April 26, the day Davis was arrested.