“I said, ‘I’d like to have one of those,’ ” Pastorini recalled telling Mr. Donzis. A few days later, the National Football League star donned Mr. Donzis’s “flak jacket” in a big game and led his team to the playoffs.
The flak jacket became standard gear in the NFL and the greatest success in Mr. Donzis’s prolific career as an inventor-entrepreneur.
Mr. Donzis, 79, who died Jan. 4 in Landrum, S.C., after a stroke, turned his ideas into useful products in fields as diverse as sports equipment, cosmetics, floristry and medicine.
“He just wanted to know how things worked and what he could do to make things better,” said his wife, Martha Gibson Donzis.
His name appears on more than 35 patents, according to the Patent and Trademark Office. His inventions include a prefabricated tennis court, inflatable running shoes, stadium seats with solar panels and an X-ray machine for detecting leaky oil pipelines.
Like many inventors, he had more ideas than successes and lost a number of fortunes. Before the flak jacket, Mr. Donzis developed running shoes with air chambers inflated by a built-in pump and acquired a patent on the system in 1972. Two decades later, he successfully sued shoemaker Reebok for infringing on his patent when it marketed its “Pump” sneaker.
Mr. Donzis also discovered the wrinkle-reducing capability of a chemical compound called beta-glucan, which he marketed to leading cosmetics companies, including Estee Lauder and Mary Kay.
Born in San Antonio on March 5, 1932, Mr. Donzis dropped out of Southern Methodist University after one semester. After serving in the Army, he found work on a pipeline crew.
“In those days, no one was paid until the project was finished,” Mr. Donzis told the San Antonio Express-News in 1999, and he needed a paycheck. To speed up construction, he invented an X-ray system that quickly found leaks and flaws in the pipeline. He secured the patent in 1963.
The tennis boom in the 1970s led to his next major inspiration: a tennis court made of wood and foam that could be built far more quickly than a traditional court. It seemed like a brilliant idea until the cold temperatures of winter made the foam shrink. Lawsuits from customers bankrupted him, but he rebounded as a carpenter and made good money building backyard decks.
In the late 1970s, while working at an Army laboratory in Massachusetts, Mr. Donzis devised a lightweight vest to protect pilots from blunt-force impact. The vest inflated and deflated instantly, like a car air bag does today.
After leaving the Army lab, he moved to Houston and was struggling to gain attention for his protective jacket when he heard about Pastorini’s injury. Pastorini recalled that the prototype was fabricated from a Navy SEAL life jacket, with an outer layer of Kevlar. “It was a little bit rustic,” he said.
The jacket caught on with other players, and soon the NFL gave Mr. Donzis a grant to produce more of them, which he later made with foam. He went on to make other protective items, including thigh and neck pads, shoulder harnesses, helmets and knee guards.
Mr. Donzis had no regrets about his unorthodox demonstration in the quarterback’s hospital room. “People will consider you off the wall. If that bothers you don’t be an innovator,” he told the Dallas Morning News in 1994. “That’s part of the badge you wear.”
— Los Angeles Times