Karol Wojtyla was born on May 18, 1920, near Krakow, Poland. He would become Pope John Paul II, the spiritual leader to approximately one billion Roman Catholics and one of the most influential people of the 20th century. In this 1922 photograph, he sits with his father, Karol Wojtyla, a noncommissioned officer in the Polish army, and his mother, Emilia Wojtyla. Most of Wojtyla's family died whem he was young. His mother died in 1929, his brother Edmund in 1932 and his father in 1941.