In some areas, waves as high as 16 feet swept away the bungalows dotting the coast line and the people marooned inside them. More than 300 people died in England, and as many as 24,000 homes were lost or damaged.
In the resort town of Hunstanton, not far from the RAF Sculthorpe military base where Mr. Leming was billeted, 15 local residents and 16 Americans lost their lives after the raging waters surged past the sea barriers. But nearly 30 people in the town survived thanks to Mr. Leming’s gumption. He was feted as an international hero.
Equipped with a rubber dinghy and an anti-exposure suit, Mr. Leming forged into the neck-high frigid waters and over eight hours, like a human tug-boat, single-handedly pulled 27 people to safety. It was later revealed that Mr. Leming, then 22, did not know how to swim.
“I heard people screaming and saw flashlights,” he once told an interviewer, “and I knew someone had to go.”
His feat, the contributions of other U.S. servicemen and the heroism of local residents renewed the sense of Anglo American fraternity soldered during the deprivations of World War II, still so deeply felt by the residents of Hunstanton. In his book “Norfolk Floods,” Neil Storey wrote that the collaborative spirit and “selfless heroism” displayed that night was “very much in the spirit of Dunkirk and the Blitz.”
And nearly six decades later, after his death on Nov. 4 at his home in Bend, Ore., Mr. Leming remained an adopted hometown hero of Hunstanton. National and local media honored him in obituaries. His wife, Kathy Leming, confirmed his death. He developed sepsis following a broken hip, she said, and had suffered from lymphoma for several years. He was 81.
An aerial gunner, Mr. Leming joined the Air Force in 1952 and soon shipped out to England to join his squadron, then stationed at RAF Sculthorpe. He trained mainly in maritime air rescue operations.
Mr. Leming’s rubber dinghy expedition was not his first rescue attempt the night of Jan. 31. Before he set out, he and several other servicemen tried to launch an aluminum rescue craft, but the propellers malfunctioned amid the debris.
Another motorized crew tried to move out, Time magazine reported, but was blown back by the gales. Then out went Mr. Leming in his dinghy, clinging to the raft as gusts nearly ripped it from his hands.
Forcing his way down the street, at times against the current, he called out to people stranded on their rooftops. He made a total of three trips, rescuing 11 people during the first, seven during the second and nine in the last, according to a news account.
“There came a time,” he said, “when I realized that I, too, was probably not going to survive. Everything was out of control. And I wondered at times, ‘What the hell am I doing here?’ ”
Eight hours into the rescue mission, as his ripped suit began to fill with icy water, Mr. Leming collapsed from exhaustion and hypothermia. He was reported to have been about 20 yards from dry land. If he had been in the water for five more minutes, Time wrote, he might have died.
He was taken back to the Air Force base, where he received his own life-saving treatment. When he came to, he was horrified to hear someone shout, “Cut off his legs!” Forty years later, when he met the nurse who treated him, she assured him that doctors intended to remove only the legs of his exposure suit.
Days after the storm, he became the first non-Briton to receive the country’s prestigious George Medal for peacetime bravery. “The Queen was greatly stirred by his exploits,” the New York Times reported, “and it is understood the award was made on her initiative.” The U.S. military awarded him the Soldier’s Medal.
“Shucks, it wasn’t much,” he was quoted as saying at the time, according to the local Eastern Daily Press.
In the decades since, the people of Hunstanton invited him to return for commemorations, including one in which he met Queen Elizabeth II. Mr. Leming was scheduled to visit the town this month, but he died before he could make the trip.
“I’m glad I was there and my efforts were successful,” he once told the Eastern Daily Press. “I wonder if I’d have done what I did if I’d had a chance to think about it first.”
Reis Lee Leming was born Nov. 6, 1930, in East St. Louis, Ill., and grew up in Washington state. His first name was pronounced “rice.”
After four years in the Air Force, Mr. Leming returned to the Pacific Northwest. He became general sales manager of the Pacific Power company. He and his wife opened a security alarm company after moving to Bend more than two decades ago.
Hunstanton hosted his wedding to his first wife, the former Mary Joan Ramsay. The women of the town combined their rations to make him a three-tier wedding cake, the Daily Telegraph reported.
That marriage ended in divorce. Survivors include his wife of 40 years, Kathy Krause Leming of Bend; three children from his first marriage, Debra Ross of La Center, Wash., Gail Parry of Seattle and Michael Leming of Portland, Ore.; a sister; six grandchildren; and three great-grandchildren.
Reached by telephone at his home in Hunstanton, Neil Quincey, 87, expressed his gratitude to Mr. Leming and the other servicemen who aided him, his wife and his three children during the storm. The devastation, he said, is “something that never goes away.”
“I appreciate everything the Americans did on that night,” he said. “Can’t say anything less than that.”