Archaeologists unearth the tomb of a previously unknown Egyptian pharaoh

(JOSEF WEGNER/ PENN MUSEUM ) - This 60-ton sarcophagus was carved from red quartzite to house the tomb of the pharoah Sobekhotep.

(JOSEF WEGNER/ PENN MUSEUM ) - This 60-ton sarcophagus was carved from red quartzite to house the tomb of the pharoah Sobekhotep.

Researchers unearth a new Egyptian pharaoh, 3,600 years after his death

Archaeologists from the University of Pennsylvania announced this month that they have unearthed the tomb of a previously unknown Egyptian pharaoh.

(Jennifer Wegner/Penn Museum) - The skeleton of the previously unknown pharaoh Woseribre-Senebkay lays on a table. The king’s body was originally mummified, but robbers ripped the body apart. Surrounding the skeleton (from left to right) are Matt Olson, University of Pennsylvania; Alexander Wegner; and Paul Verhelst, University of Pennsylvania.

More health and science news

Have you used the new health insurance exchanges?

Have you used the new health insurance exchanges?

What has been your experience with the online insurance exchanges?

Screenings for early detection of congenital heart disease

Screenings for early detection of congenital heart disease

Guidelines call for some pregnant women to be screened using tools such as fetal echocardiography.

FDA approves genetic test as alternative to Pap smear

Some women’s groups warn that the test could lead to confusion, higher costs and overtreatment.

U.S. Grant: History’s incredible shrinking man

U.S. Grant: History’s incredible shrinking man

War hero, 2-term president, Ulysses S. Grant somehow lost favor with historians and a once-adoring public

The Penn team, which has been excavating a site called Abydos in cooperation with Egypt’s Supreme Council of Antiquities since 1967, made a string of discoveries in the last months of 2013. One was a 60-ton sarcophagus that had been carved from red quartzite to house the tomb of the pharaoh Sobekhotep near Cairo; despite its immense size, it was extracted and moved hundreds of miles to Abydos, where it was reused by later ancient kings whose identities are still unknown.

The most surprising find was the tomb of a pharaoh named Woseribre-Senebkay, who lived about 1650 B.C. Senebkay’s tomb had been plundered centuries ago by robbers, who not only stripped it of gilt surfaces and other valuable objects but also ripped apart the pharaoh’s mummy itself. Nevertheless, the archaeologists were able to recover the king’s bones and put together an almost complete skeleton. Preliminary studies indicate that Senebkay was about 5-foot-10 and probably died when he was in his mid or late 40s.

His burial chamber also provided the first evidence of the existence of what archaeologists have named the Abydos Dynasty. Senebkay appears to have been one of the first kings in that lineage,

“It’s exciting to find not just the tomb of one previously unknown pharaoh but the necropolis of an entire forgotten dynasty,” Josef Wegner of the Penn Museum said in the university’s announcement. Wegner, who led the team, added that “continued work . . . promises to shed new light on the political history and society of an important but poorly understood era of Ancient Egypt.”

 
Read what others are saying