Opening statements are scheduled to begin Monday morning. The trial could be wrenching: Some of Sandusky’s alleged victims, heretofore referred to only by number (“Victim 1,” “Victim 2”), are expected to take the stand and add faces and voices and raw human emotion to the prosecution’s case against him.
Sandusky, 68, has been accused of preying on 10 boys over the course of 15 years. He has pleaded not guilty to all charges.
There are broader issues beyond the question of his guilt or innocence. It is unclear whether the trial will start to bring closure to the Sandusky story or instead reopen wounds and reveal deeper dysfunction in the sometimes insular Penn State community. Numerous official investigations into the matter remain open, including state and federal probes, and civil litigation could lie ahead.
The shocking grand jury report that set off this case in November, at the height of football season, declared that Sandusky had molested eight boys (two more alleged victims were identified later) and suggested that university officials, including legendary head coach Joe Paterno, had failed to take enough action to stop him.
The scandal quickly cost the jobs of Paterno, the winningest coach in major-college football history, and Graham Spanier, Penn State’s president of 16 years. Two administrators were charged with failure to report suspected child abuse and lying to the grand jury. Paterno died in January, an icon whose final months were tarnished by the scandal.
Last week the university issued a statement saying it hoped that “the legal process will start to bring closure to the alleged victims and families whose lives have been irrevocably impacted and that they can begin the healing process.”
Despite the psychological pain felt by this community, Sandusky did not want to be tried somewhere far away. He wanted to take his chances with people here in Centre County, where he worked nearly his entire life.
It took less than two days to assemble a jury that seems to mirror the community: 10 women and six men, all white by appearance, with more than half reporting a strong connection to the university, by far the county’s largest employer.
“We’re in Centre County. We’re in rural Pennsylvania,” Judge John M. Cleland said in court Tuesday, when defense attorneys objected to a juror who knows the father of a potential key witness. “There are these [connections] that cannot be avoided.”
The trial is expected to last as long as three weeks. As with other sex abuse cases, it will turn largely on the testimony of alleged victims of and witnesses to the abuse. A key witness may be Mike McQueary, a former assistant coach who told a grand jury that more than a decade ago he saw Sandusky sexually assault a young boy in a locker-room shower.
Cleland last week denied requests by five alleged victims that they be allowed to testify using pseudonyms. All are now adults, and the judge said there is “no support in Pennsylvania law for offering anonymity to an adult witness because the witness is one of a class of victims of a particular form of crime.” He added, “While I will make every effort to be sensitive to the nature of the alleged victims’ testimony, once the trial begins the veil must be lifted.”
Still, the camera crews and photographers setting up Sunday afternoon faced the likelihood that they will not get a glimpse of jurors or witnesses entering the courthouse. Officials have constructed a tarp-covered walkway to shield people from view as they arrive in a vehicle at the rear of the building.
Also on the list of potential witnesses is Sandusky’s wife, Dottie. Paterno’s widow and son also were on the list, to their surprise. They released a statement Thursday saying, in part: “The only directive Joe Paterno gave to his family is that they should pursue the truth, while forcefully defending the honor and integrity of Penn State and the countless thousands of students, faculty, coaches and donors who have worked so hard over the years to build it into a world class institution.”
The team of prosecutors is led by Joseph E. McGettigan III, the senior state deputy attorney general, who is known for being aggressive and passionate in the courtroom — and for nearly always wearing black sunglasses. In 1997, McGettigan was the lead prosecutor in the case against John E. du Pont, the millionaire heir to the chemical fortune who was convicted of murdering an Olympic wrestler.
McGettigan and his fellow prosecutors are expected to paint Sandusky as a calculating predator who befriended young boys searching for a role model, persuaded the protectors of those boys to trust him and then abused the children in horrific ways while others ignored the warning signs.
The defense is led by Joseph Amendola, a State College lawyer who loves to talk and has a history degree from Penn State and a law degree from Georgetown University. His office is in a small Southwestern-style building on the edge of State College that looks as if it belongs in a desert, not in the lush business complex across the highway from a weathered red barn and rolling farm fields.
Although the attorneys are familiar faces in the State College area, the judge is an outsider. Cleland is a senior judge from McKean County up north, which he calls “the icebox of Pennsylvania.”
Bellefonte is already feeling the crush of the media circus. The town is historic, with Victorian bed-and-breakfasts and boutique shops. The atmosphere has gotten a sudden update with the presence of satellite trucks and reporters who have set up temporary newsrooms in a Dairy Queen with free wireless Internet access.
Whether local jurors will be more sympathetic to Sandusky or more hostile — because of what the allegations have done to the university’s reputation — is a matter of pretrial debate.
“We always held Penn State up because it was perfect. And it took just one person to ruin that,” said Jeff Holter, 55, a Penn State graduate and education consultant who reported for jury duty Wednesday but was not selected.
At the courthouse, Holter ran into one of his elementary school teachers, his 23-year-old niece, his oldest daughter’s best friend and a number of other acquaintances.
“You can’t help but form some sort of opinion. . . . Most people I talk to say they want to see him put away forever,” Holter said.
“In many ways, in public opinion, Jerry Sandusky is already guilty,” said Paloma Frumento, 24, who recently graduated and was called for jury selection but not picked. “But that’s public opinion. There are facts. There’s the law.”