Some pack rats like variety, while others specialize. Neotoma stephensi hoard only juniper twigs, which make up 90 percent of their diet despite the plant’s toxicity. Pack rats and their Neotoma wood rat cousins have quirky digestive systems more common in big grazing animals than in small mammals, allowing them to digest tough and even toxic foods.
“You can think of them as a miniature goat,” says Michele Skopec of Weber State University in Ogden, Utah. “They eat all kinds of crazy stuff.”
Neotoma albigula pack rats, also called white-throated wood rats, collect a variety of crazy stuff, too. They bring home abundant cowpats, rabbit pellets and other animals’ dung, often leaving it just outside the midden. Inside, Skopec has found an old underwear band, a silvery ring, shotgun shells, a coyote paw, Doritos bags and much more.
Unlike satin bowerbirds, which decorate mating sites with such treasures as pen caps and clothespins, pack rat collectibles aren’t on display. “They’re solitary animals,” Skopec says. “It’s not as if they’re bringing others in and saying, ‘Look at how sweet my interior is.’ ” Some of their stockpile is building materials, bedding or food, but the rest remains a mystery.
Searching for patterns in collecting, she and her students gave 10 white-throated wood rats a choice of jingle bells. In the lab, pack rats pretty much liked it all. Shiny was as good as matte. Blue, the color of juniper berries they eat, didn’t appeal more than gold. Nor did jingly instead of silenced, or bells vs. wads of paper and toothpicks. “They have this insatiable urge to cache,” Skopec says.
What appears to make a difference is the scent of another wood rat. These solitary-living, ferocious collectors may be disinclined to steal each other’s bling.
This article originally appeared in Science News.