Lipman’s biggest moral concern right now, it turns out, is the separation of church and state which he feels poses not only an economic problem but a security problem. According to him, there are 60,000 ultra-Orthodox who do not pull their own weight. When Israel was founded there were 400 who were given exemptions. They do not do military service, they have no formal education, they study Torah as their life’s work and they are subsidized by the government. Altogether there are some 800,000 ultra-Orthodox in Israel and their religious beliefs say that it is better to die than be drafted.
Lipman’s goal is to bring the young men into the military in separate units without women commanders, separate prayer schedules and training to prepare them to enter the work force and contribute financially to the community. There has been considerable outrage and even death threats aimed at Lipman for saying these things. He did a radio show where the host confronted him, asking how he could ask these men to leave Torah studies and go to work. “I told him, Maimonides, (one of the great Jewish philosophers) says that anyone who chooses the Torah and does not contribute is a person who has disgraced and brought shame to the Torah and will have no place in the world to come.” According to Lipman, the host was forced to acknowledge that core Jewish values are marrying, working and supporting one’s family.
Lipman, originally from Silver Spring , Md., was ordained from Ner Israel Rabbinical College and has a Masters in education from Johns Hopkins University. Because he has challenged religious extremists in Israel, he was forced to take his children out of the ultra-Orthodox school system.
“They would have suffered too much,” he told me.
He will send his 16-year-old son to the military. He says that because he has insisted on training and education among the ultra-Orthodox, many of them, who would be afraid to support him publicly, will thank him privately for encouraging their children to get out and study and work.
This stubborn lack of engagement on the part of so many of the ultra-Orthodox leaders , says Lipman, “has damaged religion in Israel. I don’t want to be a part of it. If we integrate, the gap won’t be there anymore.”
The fact that Lipman sees the issue of separation of church and state, the attitudes of the ultra-Orthodox community and their lack of involvement in the security of Israel as a huge threat is remarkable, given the chaos which surrounds Israel at the moment. That an orthodox rabbi, former American and member of the Israeli parliament would be in Washington during the high holy days focusing on this tells you a lot about the priorities which are being considered in his country. It’s almost as though he and his fellow Israelis are concentrating on getting their own house in order so as to remain strong for the potential attacks with which they are constantly being threatened.
As a rabbi, however, he understand the moral implications of Israel not stepping in to avenge innocents who have been slaughtered. He says Israel won’t, at the moment, do anything except to set up field hospitals on its border to treat the wounded. “They know that if they get hurt, they should go west to Israel,” he says. But there is a slight warning there, too. “Morally, taking off my Knesset hat, it reaches a point where you have a responsibility to stop people from ( hurting) their own people.”
What that sounds like is, don’t mess with Israel, but don’t go too far with your own people either. That, too, would be a big mistake.