Keeping a vicious goose (or is it vicious geese?)

"When a person keeps a large group of essentially indistinguishable animals, some of which have exhibited dangerous propensities in the past, we find that such person can be liable for injuries attributable to characteristics that the animals have exhibited collectively."

Two district courts adopt the mosaic theory of the Fourth Amendment

In recent decisions, two federal district courts adopted what I have called the "mosaic theory" of the Fourth Amendment. First, a judge in Michigan held that tracking a cell phone's location for 30 days is a search that requires a narrow warrant to be constitutional. Second, a judge in Washington held that video surveillance of a suspect's front yard from a public utility pole is a search that requires a warrant. Here's a closer look at both decisions.