What does “retired” mean?

In State v. Buckner (N.J. Super. Ct. App. Div. May 5, 2014), the main question is whether the New Jersey Constitution’s mandatory judicial retirement provision, under which certain kinds of judges

shall be retired upon attaining the age of 70 years

allows such judges to be recalled for temporary service. A New Jersey statute allows the Supreme Court to recall judges this way, and the question is whether “retired” means “disqualified from active service, but subject to possible callback to temporary service” or means “disqualified from all judicial service.” The two-judge majority said the recall was permissible; the one-judge dissent said it wasn’t. An interesting example of debates about constitutional interpretation, outside the usual political controversies.

Eugene Volokh teaches free speech law, religious freedom law, church-state relations law, a First Amendment Amicus Brief Clinic, and tort law, at UCLA School of Law, where he has also often taught copyright law, criminal law, and a seminar on firearms regulation policy.
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Eugene Volokh · May 5