Democrats controlling the Senate and Republicans leading the House also will try to set up votes intended to score political points or paint the other side with an unflattering brush two months before the election. Their efforts are sure to be overshadowed by the presidential campaign.
Topping the agenda of substantive business is a six-month spending bill to finance the government’s day-to-day operations. The annual appropriations process on Capitol Hill collapsed about midway through the campaign season. The stopgap measure would give the next Congress time to fashion a full-year plan. There would be no more sure way of driving Congress’s approval ratings even lower than for lawmakers to stumble into a government shutdown right before the Nov. 6 vote.
House Speaker John A. Boehner (R-Ohio) and Senate Majority Leader Harry M. Reid (D-Nev.) hope to present the measure this week, with a House vote as early as Thursday. The measure also will ensure a steady flow of money into disaster aid accounts.
More challenging is what to do with one of the most significant pieces of leftover business: a five-year farm bill. The legislation would overhaul crop safety-net programs while funding the food-stamp program, which provides assistance to more than 46 million people.
The current farm act expires at the end of September. House Republican leaders are wary of bringing the bill to the floor. It appears that Congress will at most opt for a temporary extension of the old bill, including drought aid for livestock producers whose assistance programs expired last year.
But it’s not certain lawmakers will do even that. Without a formal extension, food-stamp and other nutrition programs would continue to function beyond Sept. 30. Most farmers would not be affected; the current farm bill covers 2012 crops regardless of when they are harvested.
The food and farm legislation has bedeviled House leaders, with many GOP conservatives wanting deeper cuts to food stamps than Democrats, whose votes are needed to pass the measure.
In all likelihood, political votes are on tap. Sen. Charles E. Schumer (N.Y,), a key Democratic Party strategist, wants a procedural vote on the House Republican budget plan written by Rep. Paul Ryan (Wis.), the GOP vice-presidential nominee.
“Let ’em embrace it again,” Schumer said while making the rounds at the Democratic convention Thursday.
In the House, Republicans promise a vote Friday on a bill called the “No More Solyndras Act,” which would phase out Energy Department loan guarantees for solar and wind energy companies. It’s unlikely to even get a vote in the Senate.