Overseas, the overwhelming majority of U.S. diplomats are considered essential personnel and are expected to remain at their posts, according to officials familiar with the plans. Exceptions include lower-ranking administrative embassy staff members, many of whom are not American. Many U.S. Agency for International Development operations are expected to continue as normal, because the agency relies on many contractors.
Several fee-based government operations and agencies funded through multi-year budgets are expected to stay open, including the Veterans Health Administration, elements of the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office, and the Federal Highway Administration. Energy Department employees would have to report for work as scheduled, because that agency maintains enough funding not linked to the fiscal calendar to continue operating for at least a few days.