I would argue that what cyber has done has changed the scale and the speed with which nations can steal intellectual property. [It] fundamentally changed the game and may do, over a course of years or decades, real damage to our economic competitiveness and our technological advantages. That indeed may be the real national security threat — not some sort of overt attack — but undermining our economy, and we ought to be looking at tools to address that kind of intellectual property theft.
The British used to complain about the Germans and the Americans stealing their industrial secrets, which was true at the time. But the way you dealt with it was basically you kept your technology a generation ahead so you’re always five, 10 years ahead. What cyber has done is compress that timeline so that you can no longer be assured of staying ahead. So the impact, I think, is much greater. So I think we have to look beyond the traditional tools that we use. There isn’t a set of pure solutions.