Although there are no hard statistics on the number of such plans now in the marketplace, Teri Cooper, executive vice president of Mortgage Payment Protection of Heathrow, Fla., one of the largest providers of “involuntary unemployment” policies, estimates that as many as 200,000 buyers are covered by her firm’s “Mortgage Guardian” programs alone.
Bank of America, which operates a “borrower protection plan” that it funds itself, says it has covered thousands of new mortgages — limited to those with initial principal balances under $500,000. According to bank spokesman Terry H. Francisco, the plan has covered $110 million in monthly payments for unemployed borrowers during the past two years. Last year, the bank provided 156,000 purchasers with its protection program; as of December, mortgages covered by the plan totaled $36 billion in loan balances.
In the Seattle-Puget Sound market, Quadrant Homes, a subsidiary of Weyerhaeuser Real Estate, recently began offering a 24-month, $2,000 to $2,500 insurance plan as a way to reassure buyers that they would be able to withstand an unexpected job loss.
With unemployment figures scarily high, said Quadrant President Ken Krivanec, “we wanted to give our buyers a little of the confidence they might need” to move ahead with a purchase.
Even though virtually all involuntary unemployment programs charge borrowers nothing for the coverage directly, there often is plenty of fine print that limits payouts. Here’s a quick look at some of the features that buyers and borrowers should focus on when they’re offered free job-loss mortgage insurance.
lObviously nothing is truly “free.” The lender or builder typically is paying a wholesale insurance premium to obtain the coverage, and rolls that expense into the deal somewhere. In the case of Mortgage Guardian’s programs, premiums range from $200 to $300 or more per policy, depending on the expected volume of insurance, the length of the coverage and the size of the insured monthly payment.
lNot all unemployment events are equal. Under most plans, you need to be eligible under state law for unemployment benefits, and you need to successfully apply for them. Also, the layoff or plant closing or other event cannot have been known to you in advance of the mortgage closing. Firings and dismissals for cause are not covered.
lNot all employment is equal, either. For example, if you are self-employed or a temporary or seasonal worker, you probably won’t be eligible for benefits.
lOnce you’ve gone to closing and the insurance policy clock begins ticking, there’s a 60-day “vesting” period in the Mortgage Guardian program. Then insurance payments can’t flow until 30 days after the actual unemployment begins.
l“Free” turns into not-free or maybe not even available. For virtually all programs, once the initial period of coverage is up, homeowners are expected to pay premiums on their own or to look elsewhere for insurance. Bank of America’s plan, for instance, is free for the first year, but after that, extended coverage is available at the rate of 7.5 percent of the monthly principal and interest due, according to Francisco. In Quadrant’s program, “coverage ends 24 months after the closing date and cannot be extended by the buyer or Quadrant Homes.”
Another key fact to keep in mind about job loss insurance for mortgages: It is generally not available direct to the consumer. Cooper says her firm works only through participating lenders, builders, mortgage insurers and some state housing agencies that can create the volume of business needed to make the insurance risk-pooling feasible.
Bottom line: If you understand the limitations, and read the fine print, job-loss coverage can be a “why not?” proposition. The builder or lender offering it is paying premiums at rates unavailable to individual consumers, and the coverage — if you qualify — is for real if you suddenly find yourself without employment.