Pakistan recounts how doctor helped U.S. in bin Laden operation


Jamil Afridi, left, brother of Pakistani doctor Shakil Afridi, holds a a news conference in Peshawar, Pakistan on May 28, 2012. The brother of a doctor sentenced to 33 years for helping the United States track down Osama bin Laden says that his brother is innocent. (Mohammad Sajjad/AP)
July 26, 2012

The Pakistani doctor who aided the CIA’s hunt for Osama bin Laden would meet his handlers on Saturdays in Islamabad. They’d pick him up at certain gas stations, then make him lie in the back seat, hidden under a blanket, before taking him to be debriefed.

A woman in her late 30s named Kate was the spy’s first handler. She had green eyes, blond hair and a British accent.

Such novelistic details emerge in a newly surfaced Pakistani intelligence report supposedly based on interrogations of Shakil Afridi, the imprisoned physician who has been lauded in Washington as a hero for his role in the operation that led to the al-Qaeda chief’s killing but is branded a traitor here.

“He met 25 times with foreign secret agents, received instructions and provided sensitive information to them,” states the investigative report, filed by prosecutors Wednesday in a tribal appeals court where Afridi is seeking to overturn his 33-year sentence. “The accused was aware that he was working against Pakistan.”

The narrative laid out in the report could not be independently verified. The interrogations that it purports to summarize were carried out under a tribal judicial system in which Afridi had no counsel and could not challenge the evidence against him.

“There is no evidence — only the prosecution investigation report, which under the law has no legal value,” Afridi’s attorney, Samiullah Afridi, said Thursday.

Shakil Afridi lived in the semiautonomous Khyber Agency in Pakistan’s northwest — which the government said put him under the jurisdiction of tribal administrative officials who also are empowered to act as a court. The prison term incensed U.S. lawmakers, who at one point cut $1 million in aid for Pakistan for every year of the sentence. Obama administration officials have called on Pakistan to release Afridi.

Pakistan’s Inter-Services Intelligence Directorate, or ISI, detained the doctor three weeks after U.S. commandos killed bin Laden in May 2011. A year later, he was sentenced for crimes against the state that allegedly included assisting a banned militant group; the bin Laden operation was not mentioned at the time.

But in the new prosecution report, investigators say Afridi played a “central role” in the raid on the terrorist leader’s compound. The operation “humiliated Pakistan around the world,” it adds.

U.S. has admitted to ruse

U.S. officials acknowledge that the CIA used Afridi, 48, to run a hepatitis vaccination program as a ruse, hoping to find a match for bin Laden’s DNA and thereby verify the al-Qaeda leaders’ presence in Abbottabad, the garrison town where he hid for six years.

The report says Afridi received about $61,000 for the operation in Abbottabad, as well as substantial sums for previous work that involved hepatitis-B vaccination campaigns in other areas.

Afridi allegedly told interrogators that a lunch with an official from Save the Children in 2008 led to his first meeting with “Kate” in an upscale Islamabad neighborhood. Eventually the doctor would deal with three other handlers: a man whose name is spelled Toni in the report; Sara; and Sue (also spelled Suee).

The intelligence operatives used five or six pick-up points in Islamabad, including gas stations and a popular bookstore, the report says, and the routine with the back-seat blanket continued until December 2010. After that, Afridi rode normally in his handlers’ SUVs.

The intelligence operatives took their asset to undisclosed locations where he was interviewed in what he called “containers.” These units were outfitted with flat-panel televisions, air conditioning and refrigerators, the account said.

Rejected advice to flee

Whereas some media reports say Afridi collected DNA through mouth swabs, the interrogation document says 1,000 units of hepatitis vaccine were to be dispensed via syringes. The campaign was aimed at women between 15 and 45 years old, it says.

Afridi said he was told to return the vaccination kits to Islamabad.

The handlers gave Afridi a laptop computer and a “radio set” — the latter apparently a satellite phone of some sort — before he went to work in Abbottabad. The doctor recruited female health workers to attempt to gain access to a “prominent house” in one neighborhood; its occupants had refused to cooperate with the campaign.

The three-story villa turned out to be bin Laden’s hideout. But U.S. officials have said Afridi never succeeded in collecting any DNA from residents of the compound.

According to the interrogation report, a few days after the May 2, 2011, raid, “Sue” summoned Afridi to Islamabad and told him his life was in danger because of the vaccination campaign. She advised him to flee to Afghanistan and gave him two phone numbers.

When Afridi reached a certain bus terminal in Kabul, his instructions went, he was to call the first number and wait for someone to pick him up. If nobody came, he should use the second number.

Sue’s aim, the report says, was to get the doctor into “safe hands.”

But Afridi told interrogators that he decided against going.

Why?

“I did not feel I had any involvement in the killing of Osama bin Laden,” the report quotes him as saying.

Haq Nawaz Khan in Peshawar contributed to this report.

Richard Leiby is a senior writer in Post’s Style section. His previous assignments have included Pakistan Bureau Chief, and reporter, columnist and editor in Washington. He joined The Post in 1991.
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