But the Saturday ruling on the remaining 52 of some 73 defendants charged in the case, most of them soccer fans, brought closure to very few in Egypt, where citizens say that police violence and a lack of government transparency in the two years since the fall of Hosni Mubarak has them rapidly losing faith in the nation’s new president, court system and police force.
Hundreds of soccer fans in Port Said took to the streets Saturday after hearing the sentences, most of which affected residents of the city, and tried to disrupt ship traffic in the vital Suez Canal, witnesses said. In Cairo, Al-Ahly fans, who claim most of the soccer riot’s victims as their own, lashed out against sentences that they deemed too light, sparring with police in downtown Cairo and setting a police club and the country’s football federation headquarters on fire. Two people were killed in the clashes in Cairo, state media reported.
For many, the anger was a foregone conclusion in a case that Port Said residents say has been marred by corruption and dirty politics.
“We feel a great injustice,” said Mohamed el-Sakka, a 21-year-old protester in Port Said. “We have learned that the judiciary can be very politicized, that things happen without us knowing, behind our backs. We have completely lost faith in the judiciary,” he said.
The reaffirmation of the death sentences of 21 Al-Masry fans sent fresh waves of shock and anger rippling through Port Said, where the initial announcement of that ruling in January set off days of clashes between protesters and police that left dozens more dead.
But the court also acquitted 28 defendants, including seven of the nine police officers charged in the case, lending credence to a widely held perception that the police — once the enforcers of Mubarak’s authoritarian regime — continue to operate with impunity.
Thousands of police have withdrawn from their stations and camps across the country since Wednesday in strikes over working conditions that they say have made them easy victims and scapegoats in clashes with protesters and deny them the appropriate weapons to defend themselves.
Rights groups and activists have accused the police of using excessive force, including torture of detainees. Only a few of the dozens of police and security officials charged in violent incidents during and since Egypt’s 2011 uprising have gone to jail for the crime.
The protests and clashes have become near-daily occurrences in Egypt over the past four months, rattling the Islamist-dominated government of President Mohamed Morsi and raising the specter of further unrest to come.
In Cairo, hundreds of Al-Ahly fans, who had earlier celebrated the death sentences, milled about in frustration outside the club headquarters on Saturday, divided over whether to continue their battle with the police or accept the sentencing as satisfactory. Many wore the team’s red jerseys and T-shirts that read “74, never forget” beside murals of the soccer riot victims.
“I feel that people haven’t gotten their rights back. The revolution hasn’t done anything,” said Ahmed Arafat, 21, an Al-Ahly fan.
The Al-Ahly soccer fans, known as Ultras, condemned the police acquittals in a harshly worded statement on the club’s Facebook page Saturday afternoon as clashes escalated along the Nile in central Cairo. “What is happening in Cairo today is but the start of anger, and [we can] expect more if all of the parties involved in the massacre are not revealed,” the Ultras said. The Ultras said they would not be satisfied with verdicts “against henchmen” who execute police orders while the police themselves go free.
In Port Said on Saturday, soccer fans and relatives of the victims broke down in tears and held marches, witnesses said. Some tried to disrupt ship traffic in the Suez Canal by unmooring boats and setting them adrift in the waterway, Reuters reported. Others set tires around the harbor on fire.
The Suez Canal is Egypt’s most strategic asset and its biggest source of revenue, a fact that has amplified the potential impact of wide-ranging violence along the canal zone, which has seen some of the worst violence between police and protesters during and since the revolution.
But some residents said that the complete withdrawal of the police from the city, leaving the army in control, has helped stave off more serious violence following the sentences.
Ingy Hassieb contributed to this report.