But it was not the home they had left behind.
“They destroyed everything,” Bashir el-Maghreby, 25, said on Monday as his shoes crunched over broken glass inside his father’s two-story house. The furniture was gone, the refrigerator door ripped from its hinges, a basket of eggplants still inside. The rooms smelled of feces.
Although he knew government troops had occupied the town, “we didn’t think it would be this bad.”
For the past five weeks, as the Libyan front line has repeatedly shifted from east to west and back again, the people who live along the coastal road that forms the war’s central artery have ridden a rollercoaster of hope and terror.
Earlier this month, town after town fell to the government’s forces, blasted by air, land and sea. Survivors told of missiles that landed directly on homes or mosques, and dead bodies strewn through city streets. Thousands of Libyans packed up belongings and sped east toward Egypt, unsure if they would see their homes again.
After coalition airstrikes around the contested city of Ajdabiya, rebels this weekend pushed westward, retaking that city as well as the oil towns of Ras Lanuf and Brega. On Tuesday, the front line swung back in the government’s favor, with rebels retreating eastward. But by then, some families had already ventured back to their homes to see what remained.
Saleh Kelani, 48, opened his front gate to an ominous sight: His white Toyota SUV had large bullet holes in its door frame and front windshield.
Inside, intruders had strewn a jumble of clothes, photos and other belongings onto the floor. The shelves were stripped almost bare, with only a few glass vases remaining. The money Kelani’s family had kept in a bedroom was gone, as was his wife’s gold.
“They even stole my fishing poles,” he said. “I like to fish, and hunt hawks, and they also stole my nets and binoculars.”
But all that paled next to what else was missing: his oldest son, 24, also named Saleh, who had stayed behind when the rest of the family fled.
“My son said, ‘Let me protect our house and also the car,’ ” Kelani said.
After Kelani left, he had some cellphone contact with his son.
“He was telling me that the house is being bombed, there were a lot of missiles, and a lot of shells. He was really scared,” he said. “That was really hard for me to hear.”
Kelani shrugged and put his arms out. “To me it’s not really a big deal losing the gold and the money, but finding him . . . ” He dropped his arms and began to sob.
But if the pro-Gaddafi troops brought mayhem to some parts of the previously rebel-held areas, the damage was not uniform. In Brega, 77 miles to the east, Abdel Karim bin Taher, 63, refused to leave when the Libyan army came.