Under current plans, Army strength is set to drop to 490,000 by Oct. 1, 2018, from a wartime high of 570,000.
At a Wednesday news conference, Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel introduced the findings of the department’s Strategic Choices and Management Review, which was formed to develop options based on the effect of future budget cuts, including the sequester. One option would be to reduce the size of the active Army by an additional 40,000 to 70,000, he said. The Army Reserve, now planned at 555,000, would be cut to 530,000 or even 490,000.
Odierno’s comments Monday reflect that he must have known what Hagel would be releasing. At those lower Army levels, Hagel said, “We could still execute the priority missions.”
He also, however, painted increasing troubles for readiness if Congress does not accept some of the administration’s proposed cuts in the costs of Defense Department compensation programs. “We’re starting from a hole now in readiness as we go into 2014,” Hagel said, “and so we’re going to have to find some of these other cuts in some tough areas.”
Odierno made the same point in a more personal way.
Given today’s budget cuts, Odierno said, what keeps him up at night “is if I’m asked to deploy 20,000 soldiers somewhere, I’m not sure I can guarantee you that they’re trained to the level that I think they should be over the next two or three years.”
That doesn’t mean they won’t be sent, he said. Although they will have had individual training, they won’t have been trained “collectively the way we would like.” Operations would take longer, he said, “but most importantly, it probably equals more casualties.”
Like his predecessors, Hagel stressed that “if left unchecked, pay and benefits will continue to eat into our readiness and modernization.” Compensation is nearly half of Defense’s budget. To make changes, and still maintain a quality volunteer military, a partnership with Congress is needed.
Odierno took it further: “If we continue along the way that we are going now, we believe by 2023, 80 percent of our budget’s going to be on compensation. We can’t operate like that.”
Hagel listed changes, including military health care for retirees and raising what active service personnel pay for housing, that lawmakers would have trouble supporting. He also wants to limit military and civilian pay raises.
For fiscal 2014, the Obama administration proposed that the military pay increase be limited to 1 percent; the House has already raised that to 1.8 percent.