As many as 75 people were reportedly killed around the country as Syrians swarmed onto the streets to stage demonstrations calling on the international community to provide arms to the rebel Free Syrian Army, which retreated from Bab Amr on Thursday after running out of ammunition.
Among Friday’s casualties, according to the opposition Local Coordination Committees, were at least 14 men shot execution-style after being gathered together and blindfolded outside a commercial building in Bab Amr as the Red Cross relief mission was held at bay.
The withdrawal was a crushing defeat for the fledgling rebel army in a neighborhood that has emerged as a beacon of inspiration for the nearly year-long uprising against President Bashar al-Assad’s government.
Syrian troops swept into the enclave Thursday as the rebels fled, ending a 27-day siege but also raising concerns for the safety of the civilians left behind. The New York-based group Human Rights Watch said at least 700 people have been killed and thousands wounded during the government forces’ daily artillery bombardments.
The watchdog group released satellite imagery from Feb. 25 that it said showed the “widespread destruction” caused by the bombardments, with at least 640 buildings showing signs of direct hits and 950 craters visible on open land in and around the neighborhood.
The siege also left civilians without access to food, water, medical supplies or fuel at a time when snow is falling, prompting the U.N. Security Council on Thursday to issue a nonbinding call for “immediate” humanitarian access.
But the ICRC said that although Syrian authorities had promised Thursday that it would be allowed to deliver aid to civilians Friday, the agency was being denied permission to enter the neighborhood.
In a statement issued in Geneva, ICRC President Jakob Kellenberger described the situation as “unacceptable.” He said Red Cross workers were waiting in Homs with emergency supplies, including food, blankets and medicine, and would remain there in the hope that they would soon be able to deliver the aid.
“The humanitarian situation was very serious then, and it is worse now,” he said.
The claims of atrocities could not be verified because all communications with Bab Amr have been severed since Syrian troops launched their ground offensive Wednesday to retake the area. The citizen journalists who had kept the world informed by uploading videos, e-mailing reports and conducting interviews about conditions there have either been killed or captured or have fled, other activists say.