And now, the clash of civilizations.
President Vladimir Putin signed a law at the end of June prohibiting the promotion of nontraditional sexual relationships to minors. It has been interpreted as banning gay pride parades — children might see them — and preventing any discussion of homosexuality among teenagers.
The law has made gay athletes and spectators fearful of discrimination, and even arrest, at the Olympics. And Thursday, as the International Olympic Committee coordinating commission made its last inspection tour of Sochi before the opening ceremony Feb. 7, its members added fuel to this particular flame. Russia, they said, was not violating Olympic anti-discrimination principles.
“The spirit of the Games is awakening here,” said Jean-Claude Killy, chairman of the coordinating commission. Advocates in the West were furious. They had been lobbying the IOC to confront Russia over its policies, which they say encourage not only discrimination but also violence toward gay men and lesbians.
Looking past the piles of gravel and seas of mud, ignoring the deluge, the IOC declared the competition venues ready and offered Russia hearty congratulations.
On Sunday, the Olympic torch was lighted in ancient Olympia, beginning its seven-day journey across Greece and on to Russia, which Putin calls a very special country, different from the West.
In a recent speech to international scholars, Putin had little patience for what he called political correctness. He accused the West of rejecting the values underlying Western civilization.
“They are denying moral principles and all traditional identities: national, cultural, religious and even sexual,” he said. “They are implementing policies that equate large families with same-sex partnerships, belief in God with the belief in Satan.”
For mayor, no concerns
Some activists have wondered whether an Olympic boycott is in order. Although President Obama condemned the Russian law, he counseled against a boycott. Last week, after the IOC statement, various organizations said they would apply pressure to sponsors, which include Coca-Cola, McDonald’s, General Electric, Procter & Gamble, Samsung, Panasonic and Visa.
In Sochi, the mayor insists there is no cause for alarm. “We are a multiethnic and tolerant city,” he said. “We respect each other. We respect different points of views.”
The 53-year-old, a loyal member of Russia’s ruling United Russia party, said gays have nothing to worry about in Sochi. “It is their right to be as they are,” he said. “We just don’t want them to force their ideas on others.”
His city of just under 400,000 has 122 nationalities, he said, and they all get along. He is unconcerned about how the law might affect the Olympics.
“I don’t worry about it,” he said. “In Sochi, people don’t worry about it. I’ve never heard of anyone having any issues.”
For teen, worries aplenty
Later that afternoon, a 17-year-old sat in a cafe a few blocks from City Hall, discussing his life as a gay resident of Sochi. He had to drop out of school at the beginning of the year because someone hacked into his social media page and showed his classmates references to his sexual orientation.
He was taunted constantly. Kids would come to his classroom door, saying, “Can we see the gay guy?” He went to the school psychologist. “She told me, ‘Could you possibly change your sexual outlook?’ ”
She told his mother he was abnormal. When he told his mother a few years ago that he was gay, she told him he would burn in hell. Eventually, she accepted him.
He is better off than most, he said. “I have the nerve to struggle,” he said. Eventually, he was allowed to change schools.
The new law has made life worse for gays, he said. “Now Russian leaders express homophobic attitudes on TV,” he said. “It gives homophobes approval to beat up gay people. Now some who didn’t care about my sexuality before tell me it’s wrong.”
He doesn’t endorse a boycott of the Games, but he would like to see pro-gay demonstrations during the event. “I would like the whole world to know what’s going on here,” he said. “The authorities won’t allow it. They will make everything look smooth and quiet.”
Putin has banned demonstrations and public gatherings in Sochi from Jan. 7 to March 21.
The teen would like the world to know his name. He wants to stand up for himself and acknowledge who he is. But now is not the time. There’s a dark city block thick with bushes and shrubs between his bus stop and his apartment building, a good place for an attacker to spring out. No, now is not the time to divulge his name.
“The mayor must live in some other Sochi,” he said.