As if things couldn’t get worse, said Czyzewski’s father, Luis, Argentina’s government is forming what it calls a “truth commission” to investigate what happened — in a deal with Iran. Czyzewski and his wife, Ana Maria Blugerman, who survived the bombing, said they believe the partnership will only ensure that the people who devised and planned the attack elude justice.
“This is the same as signing an agreement with the person you accuse of having committed a crime against you,” said Czyzewski, 69, an accountant. “To talk of a truth commission is shameful, because this is not a commission to determine the truth.”
In a development that has baffled officials in Washington and Tel Aviv, Argentina’s congress in late February approved a plan that calls for the country to work with Iran to determine culpability in the bombing of the Argentine Israelite Mutual Association, better known by its Spanish acronym, AMIA.
Iran’s parliament has yet to vote. But President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad’s government has praised the deal and said the commission will serve to prove that Iranians had no role in the bombing, as Jewish organizations and Israeli officials have long insisted.
“The AMIA bombing is a fully suspicious case, and no independent and impartial fact-finding mission had ever been commissioned to deal with it,” Ramin Mehmanparast, spokesman for Iran’s Foreign Ministry, told the country’s state news agency, Fars, last month.
A specially designated Argentine prosecutor, Alberto Nisman, demonstrated the first significant progress in the case in 2006 when he accused six senior Iranian officials of orchestrating the strike using an operative from Hezbollah, the Lebanese militia with close ties to Iran that is considered by the State Department to be a terrorist organization.
The Iranian suspects include powerful figures, among them former president Ali Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani; the defense minister, Ahmad Vahidi; former Revolutionary Guard commander Mohsen Rezaei; and Ali Fallahian, a former intelligence minister who has announced plans to run in June’s presidential election.
“To us, Iran is neither a trustworthy nor valid partner for this investigation,” said Guillermo Borger, president of the AMIA, whose organization filed an injunction Thursday challenging the constitutionality of the deal. “Iran is a country that wants to destroy the state of Israel. And how can Argentina sign an agreement with the nation that carried out the worst terrorist attack in the history of our country, as Argentina’s own justice system has proven?”