The U.S. Navy’s Joint Typhoon Warning Center in Hawaii shortly before landfall said Typhoon Haiyan’s maximum sustained winds were 195 mph, with gusts up to 235 mph.
“195-mile-per-hour winds, there aren’t too many buildings constructed that can withstand that kind of wind,” Masters said.
The local weather bureau had a lower reading, saying the storm’s speed at landfall had sustained winds at 145 miles per hour, with gusts of 170.88 mph. The bureau takes measures based on longer periods of time.
Thousands of people have evacuated from villages in the typhoon’s path.
Typhoon Haiyan’s speed at landfall was expected to beat out Hurricane Camille, which was 190 mph at landfall in the United States in 1969, Masters said.
The only tiny bright side is that it’s a fast-moving storm, so flooding from heavy rain — which usually causes the most deaths from typhoons in the Philippines — may not be as bad, Masters said.
“The wind damage should be the most extreme in Philippines history,” he said.
The storm later will be a threat to both Vietnam and Laos and is likely to be among the top five natural disasters for those two countries, Masters said. The storm is forecast to barrel through the Philippines’ central region Friday and Saturday before blowing toward the South China Sea over the weekend, heading toward Vietnam.
The typhoon slammed into the eastern province of Samar. Another province devastated by an earthquake last month was in the path of the storm.
The storm was not expected to directly hit Manila, farther to the north. The lowest alert in a four-level typhoon warning system was issued in the flood-prone capital area, meaning it could experience winds of up to 37 mph and rain.
President Benigno Aquino III warned people to leave high-risk areas andassured the public of war-like preparations: three C-130 air force cargo planes and 32 military helicopters and planes on standby, along with 20 navy ships.
“No typhoon can bring Filipinos to their knees if we’ll be united,” he said in a televised address.
— Associated Press