Mohamed Nasheed, who was elected president in the first multiparty election in 2008 but resigned last year amid protests, received 48.6 percent of the vote.
Nasheed led with 47 percent in last week’s first round to Gayoom’s 30 percent. The runoff was required because no candidate got 50 percent.
Gayoom improved on his performance by courting supporters of tourist-resort owner Qasim Ibrahim, who finished third with 23 percent of the vote last week. Ibrahim drew his support from conservative Muslims who accused Nasheed of undermining Islam because of his friendly relations with Israel and Western nations.
Nasheed was the clear pre-election favorite, but lost his momentum amid long delays to complete the election.
After his victory became apparent, Gayoom told reporters that Maldivians have decided what’s best for them and asked the international community to respect their choice.
“It’s now time to bring peace, the people have decided. It’s now time for development,” Gayoom said.
Nasheed said he had accepted defeat.
The Maldives had failed to elect a president in three attempts since September, raising concerns in the international community that the fledgling democracy might slip back to authoritarian rule.
Nasheed received 45 percent in a Sept. 7 election, but the result was annulled by the Supreme Court after Ibrahim complained that the voters’ register contained made-up names and names of dead people.
Last month, police stopped a second attempt at holding the election because all the candidates did not accept a new voters’ list as the court had mandated.
The court intervened again to change the runoff election date, which had been set for the day after the Nov. 9 vote. It also ordered President Mohamed Waheed Hassan to continue in office despite the official end of his term on Nov. 11, purportedly to avoid a constitutional void because the country is past the legal deadline to elect and seat a new president.
The European Union, concerned about the return of authoritarian rule, warned that it would consider “appropriate measures” if the Maldives failed to elect a new president Saturday.
U.S. State Department spokeswoman Jen Psaki said last week that Hassan’s decision to stay beyond his term endangered the people’s right to elect a new leader and called for the election to be concluded soon.
The Maldives is a predominantly Muslim nation of 350,000 people, of whom about 240,000 were eligible to vote Saturday.
— Associated Press