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Wednesday, October 6, 2004; Page A22

Powell: Brazil Has No Desire for Nuclear Arms

SAO PAULO, Brazil -- Secretary of State Colin L. Powell said Tuesday he was confident Brazil had no intention of becoming a nuclear power, but he called on the country to work out differences with the U.N. atomic agency over inspections.

"We know for sure that Brazil is not thinking about nuclear weapons in any sense," Powell told a breakfast meeting sponsored by the American Chamber of Commerce at the start of a two-day visit, his first to the country as secretary of state.

Powell arrived less than two weeks before a team of International Atomic Energy Agency inspectors is scheduled to visit Brazil. The IAEA wants unimpeded access to a factory that produces nuclear fuel. Brazil has indicated that it wants less-stringent standards of inspection than the IAEA is seeking.

Brazil claims that centrifuges at its plant in Resende, about 80 miles northwest of Rio de Janeiro, use advanced technology that could be pirated by other countries if the inspectors are allowed to view it.


GROZNY, Russia -- Chechnya's new Kremlin-backed president was sworn in, taking the helm of the war-torn Russian region under heavy guard nearly five months after his predecessor was assassinated and a month after a wave of terrorist attacks blamed on Chechen rebels.

Alu Alkhanov, elected Aug. 29 in a vote critics said was rigged, was inaugurated in a tent erected inside the government complex in the Chechen capital, Grozny. The tent's exterior was draped with a sign calling for "durable peace, stable life and a worthy future" for Chechnya.

LYON, France -- France expelled an Algerian-born Islamic prayer leader who condoned wife-beating, part of a French campaign to punish Muslim clerics preaching violence. Abdelkader Bouziane boarded an Algeria-bound flight from the southeastern city of Lyon, Parliament was told.

LONDON -- A submarine that the Canadian navy had just received from Britain was forced to surface off the Irish coast and send a distress call after a fire broke out on board.

A few of the 57 crew members aboard the HMCS Chicoutimi suffered some smoke inhalation, a Canadian navy spokesman said.


SEOUL -- Communist North Korea is believed to have trained as many as 600 computer hackers to launch cyber-attacks against such countries as the United States and South Korea, according to South Korea's Defense Ministry.

Computers are a rarity and Internet access is almost nonexistent for most people in impoverished North Korea, but the Defense Ministry said in a report submitted to the National Assembly's national defense committee that it believed North Korea's intelligence warfare capabilities had already reached the level of those in advanced countries.

Computer experts in North Korea are trained in a five-year college course, and computer hackers are selected from these experts, the Defense Ministry said.

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