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WORLD IN BRIEF

Saturday, April 23, 2005; Page A20

Key Serb Surrenders, Will Be Tried at Hague

• BELGRADE -- A key Serbian war crimes suspect has surrendered and will go to the U.N. war crimes tribunal, a further sign of Belgrade's determination to push for European Union membership.

Former Yugoslav army chief of staff Nebojsa Pavkovic, charged with war crimes in Kosovo, is the 12th suspect to go to The Hague this year in line with a surrender policy that earned Belgrade a nod from the E.U. on closer ties earlier this month.

_____From the Vatican_____
Video: Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger, now Pope Benedict XVI, is introduced as the 265th pontiff in Vatican City.
Text: Pope's Papal Address
Quotes From The New Pope
Photo Gallery: The New Pope
Benedict XVI: Full Coverage
_____ Benedict XVI _____
Cardinals of the Roman Catholic Church elected Germany's Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger as the new pope.

Born: 1927, Bavaria, Germany

Highlights:
Ordained in 1951.
Participated in the Second Vatican Council in the 1960s.
Appointed bishop of Munich in 1977.
Elevated to cardinal in 1977.
Appointed head of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith in 1981.

Election Process:
Interactive graphic explains the process of how the cardinals elected a new pope in the conclave.
Length of Past Conclaves


The European Commission "feasibility" report on April 12th recommended the E.U. and Serbia start talks on a Stabilization and Association Agreement (SAA), a stepping stone to eventual membership.

EUROPE

• ROME -- A top Vatican official reacted strongly against the decision of Spain's lower house of parliament to approve same-sex marriage and grant such couples the right to adopt children. In remarks to the Italian newspaper Corriere della Sera, Cardinal Alfonso Lopez Trujillo called the proposed law "inhuman and iniquitous." The measure must still be passed by the Spanish senate.

Lopez heads the Pontifical Council for the Family. The law contradicts a principle shared by "all men of all cultures and faiths at all times who thought of the family as the union of a man and a woman," he said. The measure will lead to a "dehumanization" of the family, Lopez added.

-- Daniel Williams

• OSLO -- Norwegian police charged a third man for helping to steal "The Scream" from an Oslo art gallery and said Edvard Munch's 1893 masterpiece would be found.

The man, in his thirties, was charged with taking part in planning the armed robbery of the iconic painting and another work by Munch, "Madonna," from Oslo's Munch museum on August 22 in front of dozens of terrified tourists.

• GENEVA -- Switzerland extradited to Spain the suspected leader of a Muslim cell that Spanish officials say planned to blow up Spain's High Court with a truck bomb.

Moroccan-born Mohamed Achraf was flown from Zurich to Madrid, the Swiss federal office of justice in Berne said in a statement.

• LONDON -- A British man who admitted to conspiring with "shoe bomber" Richard Reid to blow up airliners over the Atlantic -- but had a change of heart before boarding his flight -- was jailed for 13 years.

Saajid Badat, 25, entered a surprise guilty plea in February, admitting he had conspired to blow up planes in simultaneous attacks.

BERLIN -- A top German court ordered the retrial of a cannibal who killed and ate a willing victim, saying his manslaughter conviction in the bizarre case was too lenient.

Armin Meiwes, 43, was sentenced to 8 1/2 years in January 2004 after admitting to Bernd-Juergen B. He was spared a murder conviction because the victim had asked to be eaten.

AFRICA

SEREAF, Sudan -- Arab militias have burnt down a village in West Darfur state, southwest of el-Geneina, as a warning to its non-Arab residents not to return to their homes, according to Ibrahim Adam, a resident who took a Reuters witness to the village.

-- From News Services


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