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For China, Future Is Both Now And Later

Plans for 2008 Are Ahead of Schedule

By Liz Clarke
Washington Post Staff Writer
Thursday, August 19, 2004; Page D01

ATHENS, Aug. 18 -- The Beijing Olympics are four years away, but construction of the venues is so far ahead of schedule that the International Olympic Committee has asked Chinese organizers to slow down in order to better manage their cash flow.

The Chinese have been equally zealous about preparing their athletes for the 2008 Games, and the results are showing up in similar fashion -- well ahead of schedule -- here in Athens.

China and its fans -- this one at a 2001 World Cup soccer qualifier -- have been looking to the 2008 Olympics in Beijing as a chance to step into the spotlight. (Greg Baker -- AP)

_____ Countdown to Athens _____
The Olympics are less than a week away and organizers are pulling the pieces together for the Aug. 13 opening.

_____ From The Post _____
Dana Vollmer will be one of those tales of courage that come up during the Olympics.
Michael Wilbon: In Athens, the new can't hold a torch to the ancient.
Lauryn Williams is far more interested in chasing goals she can see rather than those she can imagine.
Notebook: Jerome Young reportedly tested positive for the banned drug EPO at a meet last month.

_____ Live Online _____
Tony Azevedo, the top scorer on the U.S. Men's Water Polo team, took questions July 28.
Alexander Kitroeff discussed his book, "Wrestling with the Ancients: Modern Greek Identity and the Olympics," and the history of the Games on July 27.

_____ On Our Site _____
Photos: Swimming trials.
Photos: Track and field trials.

_____ Swimming's Wonder Boy _____
Phelps's main training partners and buddies reflect on blown chances. (July 27)
Coach Bob Bowman has been the guiding force for Phelps. (July 4)
Gallery: Coach shows the way to Athens.
Numerous endorsements already have made Phelps a millionaire. (June 1)
Gallery: The road to the Games are paved with gold.
Phelps expected to be the Games' most-decorated athlete. (April 18)
Gallery: Phelps making a splash.

_____ Day 6 _____
Paul Hamm wins the men's gymnastics individual all-around.
The U.S. women's relay team breaks a 17-year-old record.
Shot putters compete on the site of the original Games.
Venus Williams and Andy Roddick both lose in the third round of the tennis tournament.
American cyclist Tyler Hamilton wins the gold medal, while Dede Barry takes silver in the road time trials.
U.S. boxers triumph in six of their first seven bouts.
The U.S. softball team posts its fifth straight shutout with a 7-0 win over Canada.
U.S. shot putter Adam Nelson settles for silver after five fouls.
Japan's Kosuke Kitajima completes a sweep of Olympic breastsroke events by winning the 200.
The Canadian water polo team pulls off a stunning comeback to beat the United States.
American shooter Kim Rhode rallies to win the gold medal in double trap.
The U.S. double scull of Aquil Abdullah and Henry Nuzum advances in a photo finish.
Greek sprinters withdraw from Games after missing a drug test.
Phelps, Coughlin and Peirsol advance in swimming heats.

_____ More From The Post _____
Michael Wilbon: Of the 72 countries that sent boxers to Athens, 13 are coached by Cuba.
For China, the future is both now and later.
In water polo, the brutality is just beneath the surface.

_____ On Our Site _____
Athens Snippets: A scoring controversy? At the Olympics?
Graphic: The dangers of the spin technique in the shot put.
Graphic: China has more golds than any country so far.

___ Wednesday's Medals Results ___
Women's individual
Men's shot put
Women's shot put
Cycling (Road)
Women's time trial
Men's time trial
Men's single slalom
Women's single slalom
Individual eventing
Team eventing
Women's individual foil
Gymnastics (Artistic)
Men's individual all-around
Men's 90kg
Women's 70kg
Women's double trap
Men's 100 freestyle
Men's 200 breaststroke
Women's 200 butterfly
Women's 4 x 200 freestyle relay
Women's 63kg
Men's 69kg

_____ Multimedia _____
Audio: U.S. women break record.
Audio: The journey to Olympia.

_____ Photos _____
Day 6
Photo galleries page

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China has gotten off to a dazzling start at the 2004 Games, claiming four of the 13 gold medals awarded on the opening day, and is second only to the United States in the medal count with 22 overall.

China's fast start is hardly an accident.

Fireworks exploded over Beijing in July 2001 when the city was awarded the 2008 Games. Since then, China has dedicated itself to preparing for the glorious moment when it plays host to the world, eager to present itself as a high-tech, dynamic and inclusive nation with expertise in a vast array of sports.

The Chinese were measured in discussing their medal hopes heading to Athens, so much so that six days into the 17-day Games, China is more than halfway to its gold medal goal of 20, with 11 in hand. While winning medals in Athens is certainly important to the Chinese, winning gold in Beijing in 2008 is the ultimate goal. And it is driving everything about the Chinese performance here -- including the selection of the athletes, the compilation of the national teams and the hiring of the coaches.

With an eye toward success in Beijing, Chinese officials adopted two new policies for Athens.

First is a premium on youth. If two athletes vying for a spot on China's 2004 Olympic team were relatively close in ability, the younger one was chosen -- even if it meant passing over a defending Olympic champion. China's men's singles champion in table tennis was left at home so that a 21-year-old prospect could begin the seasoning process in Athens. Its 2004 Olympic diving team includes a 14-year-old prospect for the same reason.

"The Athens Olympic Games is a rare opportunity for even more young athletes in more sports to experience how intense the competition might be and accumulate experience for their participation in the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games," said Li Furong, a Chinese Olympic Committee vice president. "Many excellent divers are not chosen to compete this time because of old age."

Secondly, Chinese officials have worked to broaden their sports prowess for the Beijing Games. The country has scant reason to worry about maintaining its hegemony in badminton, women's weightlifting and shooting. But China desperately wants to improve in basketball, softball, field hockey, women's handball, swimming and track and field. So it has sent its largest delegation of athletes ever to the 2004 Athens Games in hopes of honing their skills. China's 407 Olympians (138 men and 269 women) are competing in 26 of the 28 sports contested -- all but equestrian and baseball.

China is also looking beyond its borders for coaching expertise, sloughing off the last vestiges of its closed-market economy to import coaches from the West where needed.

In February, China hired Del Harris, 67, a former NBA coach of the year, as head coach of its national men's basketball team, which finished a disappointing 12th in the 2002 world championships. Harris promptly drew up a list of basketball terms he needed translated to Chinese and set to work fattening up his squad, which includes the towering center Yao Ming of the Houston Rockets. The team is young by design, with seven players under 25 -- including Yi Jianlian, a 7-foot 16-year-old who has already been touted as an NBA lottery pick.

China's women's softball team is also coached by an American.

Such initiatives are a far cry from the 1932 Olympics, when a lone Chinese athlete entered the competition without his government's knowledge. Embarrassed by the fact that the world's most populous nation was represented by only one athlete in the international competition, the Chinese government invested nearly 200,000 yuan (roughly $24,000 today) to prepare 69 athletes for the 1936 Games. When they returned from Berlin empty-handed, the delegation's official report read: "We were a far cry from many countries in the results and athletic abilities. We were ridiculed as having brought back nothing but a duck's egg."

For the Athens Games, the Chinese government will award 200,000 yuan, the same amount spent on the 1936 team, for each gold medal won. A silver medal is worth 150,000 yuan ($18,000); bronze, 100,000 ($12,000). As in other countries, corporate backers will sweeten the athletes' pot.

And the dividends of these efforts are starting to show.

On Monday, 20-year-old Xuejuan Luo became the first Chinese swimmer to claim Olympic gold in eight years when she won the women's 100-meter breaststroke in Olympic-record time.

Later that night, Lao Lishi and Li Ting proved they need no further seasoning with their gold medal performance in 10-meter synchronized platform diving. With their tiny frames, matching red suits and identical haircuts, the 17-year-olds looked like two halves of a Rorschach print. And they performed their five dives, each more difficult than the one preceding it, with a precision so breathtaking it seemed digitally generated. The clear blue water testified to their mastery, barely kicking up a splash as they knifed the water in tandem. A spirited band of Chinese tourists cheered their every attempt, holding up hand-lettered banners decorated with their names and the phrase, "You are a Winner!" in Chinese characters.

"We were not nervous at all," Lao said afterward, "because we had a lot of practice on our physical and mental state."

© 2004 The Washington Post Company