"Among the fundamental values linked to women's actual lives is what has been called a 'capacity for the other.' Although a certain type of feminist rhetoric makes demands 'for ourselves,' women preserve the deep intuition of the goodness in their lives of those actions which elicit life, and contribute to the growth and protection of the other. . . . But, in the final analysis, every human being, man or woman, is destined to be 'for the other.' . . . Therefore, the promotion of women within society must be understood and desired as a humanization accomplished through those values, rediscovered thanks to women. Every outlook which presents itself as a conflict between the sexes is only an illusion and a danger; it would end in segregation and competition between men and women, and would promote a solipsism nourished by a false conception of freedom."
-- Doctrinal document "On the Collaboration of Men and Women in the Church and in the World," July 31, 2004
_____ Benedict XVI _____ Cardinals of the Roman Catholic Church elected Germany's Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger as the new pope.
Born: 1927, Bavaria, Germany
Ordained in 1951.
Participated in the Second Vatican Council in the 1960s.
Appointed bishop of Munich in 1977.
Elevated to cardinal in 1977.
Appointed head of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith in 1981.
Interactive graphic explains the process of how the cardinals elected a new pope in the conclave.
Length of Past Conclaves
"A Catholic would be guilty of formal cooperation in evil, and so unworthy to present himself for Holy Communion, if he were to deliberately vote for a candidate precisely because of the candidate's permissive stand on abortion and/or euthanasia. When a Catholic does not share a candidate's stand in favor of abortion and/or euthanasia, but votes for that candidate for other reasons, it is considered remote material cooperation, which can be permitted in the presence of proportionate reasons.
-- From a memorandum to Cardinal Theodore E. McCarrick during the 2004 U.S. presidential campaign.
Homosexuality and Homosexual Marriage
"Nonetheless, according to the teaching of the Church, men and women with homosexual tendencies 'must be accepted with respect, compassion and sensitivity. Every sign of unjust discrimination in their regard should be avoided.' They are called, like other Christians, to live the virtue of chastity. The homosexual inclination is however 'objectively disordered' and homosexual practices are 'sins gravely contrary to chastity.' " . . .
"In those situations where homosexual unions have been legally recognized or have been given the legal status and rights belonging to marriage, clear and emphatic opposition is a duty. One must refrain from any kind of formal cooperation in the enactment or application of such gravely unjust laws and, as far as possible, from material cooperation on the level of their application. In this area, everyone can exercise the right to conscientious objection."
-- Doctrinal document "Considerations Regarding Proposals to Give Legal Recognition to Unions between Homosexual Persons," July 31, 2003
Holy Communion for the Divorced, Remarried
"If the divorced are remarried civilly, they find themselves in a situation that objectively contravenes God's law. Consequently, they cannot receive Holy Communion as long as this situation persists. This norm is not at all a punishment or a discrimination against the divorced and remarried, but rather expresses an objective situation that of itself renders impossible the reception of Holy Communion: '. . . If these people were admitted to the Eucharist, the faithful would be led into error and confusion regarding the Church's teaching about the indissolubility of marriage'."
-- Letter to bishops, Sept. 14, 1994
Full texts of documents by Joseph Ratzinger as prefect of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith can be found atwww.vatican.va/roman_curia/congregations/cfaith/