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Correction to This Article
The country of Lesotho was missing from an overall map of Africa that appeared in the April 17 issue of Outlook. The map was part of a graphic highlighting the 20 African nations that have had five consecutive years of economic growth. Lesotho is not among them.

Growth Across Africa

Sunday, April 17, 2005; Page B02

It's not all bleak in sub-Saharan Africa, where the economies of more than 20 countries have registered growth for each of the past five years. Other quality-of-life indicators also show some improvement, but evidence of the ravages of HIV/AIDS is apparent in some stark drops in life expectancy over the last decade. Here's a look at Africa's better performers, including each country's United Nations Human Development Index ranking, which combines life expectancy, literacy and GDP to rank 177 nations around the globe. Fgures are for 2004, except as noted.


Signs of Progress


Kenya exports cut flowers and vegetables to London markets.

Senegal grows cherry tomatoes for sale in French supermarkets.

Madagascar's shrimp and Botswana's beef are reaching other markets.


Inflation, which ran at 8.5 percent in sub-Saharan Africa in the 1990s, subsided to 3.9 percent in 2003.

Net foreign direct investment rose to an estimated $11.3 billion in 2004, up from $6.3 billion in 2000.


Uganda reduced the percentage of people living in absolute poverty from 56 percent in 1992 to 35 percent in 2000.

Mozambique has reduced poverty by 16 percent since 1997.

Population: 13.6 million

GDP growth: 11.2%

Life expectancy: 2003,

47 years

Adult literacy: 1998

estimate, 42%

Internet users: 41,000

HDI rank: 166


Population: 6.7 million

GDP growth: 3%

Life expectancy: 1992,

51 years; 2003, 53

Adult literacy: 2003, 40%

Internet users: 25,000

HDI rank: 161


Population: 1.8 million

GDP growth: 3.8%

Life expectancy: 1992,

68 years; 2004, 31

Adult literacy: 2003, 79%

Internet users: 50,000

HDI rank: 128


Population: 13 million

GDP growth: 4.8%

Life expectancy: 1992,

48 years; 2003, 43

Adult literacy: 26.6%

Internet users: 19,000

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