U.S. Ambassador John Danforth, however, told reporters
after a closed-door council meeting that he expected the draft
to be adopted, perhaps next week and with some revisions.
He said a larger African Union monitoring mission in Darfur
was crucial. "The importance of getting an outside presence
into Darfur to monitor the situation is something that is
impossible to overstate," Danforth said.
Angelo Beda, deputy speaker of Sudan's parliament, called
the genocide declaration "posturing by America, possibly for
Speaking to Reuters in Nairobi, he suggested the Bush
administration made the charge to court black voters. "Where is
this genocide, where is this rape they are talking about?" he
The U.S. draft resolution demands Khartoum stop what U.S.
officials say is a campaign of rape, murder and looting against
African villagers carried out by the Janjaweed Arab militia.
"The government of Sudan and the Janjaweed bear
responsibility, and ... genocide may still be occurring,"
Powell called on the U.N. to investigate the violence,
which a U.N. spokesman said was the first time a nation had
invoked Article VIII of the U.N. convention on genocide
allowing nations to ask the world body to take "appropriate"
Beda and two colleagues, touring African capitals to put
Khartoum's position, said U.S. pressure would stir fresh
separatist turmoil elsewhere in the country, complicate Darfur
peace efforts and possibly torpedo peace moves in a separate
21-year conflict in the south.
At peace talks in the Nigerian capital of Abuja, Darfur
rebels said negotiations with the Sudan government were on the
verge of collapse. The two sides have been far apart on key
security issues, including disarmament.
In Khartoum, Sudanese Justice Minister Ali Mohamed Osman
Yassin told Reuters it would be unfair for the U.N. to impose
sanctions and that Sudan would agree to expanding the mandate
of AU monitors to allow them to document human rights abuses.
The 53-nation AU has more than 80 observers in Darfur, but
only to monitor a cease-fire between the government and rebels.
Some 300 AU troops have been deployed to protect the monitors.
(Additional reporting by Opheera McDoom in Khartoum, Tume
Ahemba in Abuja, William Maclean in Nairobi, Evelyn Leopold at
the United Nations)