By Henri E. Cauvin
Washington Post Staff Writer
Saturday, June 12, 2004
It wasn't enough that Ronald Reagan had forgiven John Hinckley Jr. in his heart. He wanted to forgive the young man to his face.
Pope John Paul II had extended his hand to the man who tried to kill him, and Reagan was apparently inspired to do the same.
So in 1983, the president asked the White House physician to see whether a meeting with Hinckley would be possible, according to people involved in the effort. Hinckley was at St. Elizabeths Hospital, the Washington psychiatric hospital, after being found not guilty by reason of insanity in the shooting of Reagan and three others.
It would be a remarkable moment, the president face to face with the man who tried to assassinate him.
"I had the feeling he really wanted to do it," said Roger Peele, then head of psychiatry at St. Elizabeths.
But Reagan wanted to know what Hinckley's caregivers thought. Peele found himself on the phone with the president, who called from Air Force One.
"He said he only wanted to do what was in Mr. Hinckley's best interests," Peele recalled in an interview. The psychiatrist joked that the president should join the treatment team. "He laughed," Peele said.
Then the conversation turned serious. Peele said it would not be wise for Reagan to meet with Hinckley.
"I was concerned that it would diminish Mr. Hinckley's sense of responsibility," said Peele, who oversaw but was not directly involved in Hinckley's treatment.
Peele, now 73 and the chief psychiatrist for Montgomery County, first recounted the conversation with Reagan in a letter yesterday in The Washington Post.
Hinckley had tried take the president's life in a bid to impress actress Jodie Foster, a sign of his narcissistic personality disorder and delusions of grandeur. Reporters were pleading for interviews, and autograph seekers were sending $5 and $10 checks, hoping he would sign and cash them. A meeting with the president would only compound the problem.
"I didn't want him to feel rewarded in any way for what he did," Peele said.
Telling the president that wasn't easy. At the time, St. Elizabeths was a federal institution, and a debate was raging about its future. The federal government was considering handing over the hospital to the District, which it ultimately did, and the staff wanted to remain part of the federal government. If the president got his way, it probably wouldn't hurt, Peele remembers thinking.
"Even so," he said, "I thought it was my role to say what was in the patient's interest."
Daniel Ruge, then the White House physician, arranged for Reagan and Peele to talk. The president had first broached the idea with Ruge at Camp David, Ruge, now 87 and living in Denver, said yesterday.
Awaiting the call from Reagan, Peele said he knew that he had to say what needed to be said -- without angering the president. Besides worrying about Hinckley, Peele was concerned about the other people wounded in the shootings, including what Press Secretary James S. Brady would think of Reagan's forgiving Hinckley.
Peele didn't raise the issue for fear of offending the president. But later, during a visit to the White House, "seeing the condition that Brady was in made me even more comfortable" with the decision.
It was not be the last time that Reagan expressed compassion for Hinckley. The revelation that the president wanted to meet with him, said Hinckley's lawyer, Barry Wm. Levine, "demonstrates the magnanimity of the president, a man of grace, great grace."
Staff writer Timothy Dwyer and researcher Bobbye Pratt contributed to this report.