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Bullock Brazenly Recounts Embezzling

Defendants James O. Baxter II, left, James Goosby and Gwendolyn Hemphill in D.C. Federal Court all face charges involving the embezzlement and coverup of $5 million in dues from the Washington Teachers' Union.
Defendants James O. Baxter II, left, James Goosby and Gwendolyn Hemphill in D.C. Federal Court all face charges involving the embezzlement and coverup of $5 million in dues from the Washington Teachers' Union. (By William J. Hennessy Jr. For The Washington Post)

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By Carol D. Leonnig
Washington Post Staff Writer
Friday, June 17, 2005

Former Washington Teachers' Union president Barbara A. Bullock recounted in court yesterday how she dropped tens of thousands of union dollars a day in casual shopping and how she and her two fellow union leaders milked the union bank accounts to buy anything their hearts desired.

In her fullest account to date of the $5 million embezzlement of the union funds, Bullock described how she, former office manager Gwendolyn Hemphill and former treasurer James O. Baxter II never blinked at how much an item cost, focusing only on how to hide what they were doing. Bullock, 70, is serving a nine-year prison sentence after pleading guilty in 2003 to her role in the embezzlement. She is the star witness in the government's prosecution of her former friends, Hemphill and Baxter.

Bullock wanted a $50,000 silver flatware set that caught her eye, she said, so she charged it to the union's American Express card. Hemphill needed a wedding catered at her home, Bullock recalled, so the catering bill went on the union card. Baxter suggested that the three get season tickets to the Washington Wizards basketball games, so they charged the union.

Throughout the hour of unabashed confessional testimony from Bullock yesterday afternoon, some jurors and spectators in U.S. District Court stared in amazement at her account of thoughtless spending sprees -- and laughed out loud at her candor.

"Miss Bullock, would it be fair to say you like to shop?" Assistant U.S. Attorney James Cooper asked.

"No, that's not fair," Bullock said. "I love to shop."

Prosecutors charge that Bullock, Hemphill and Baxter stole from the union to finance their lavish lifestyles from 1996 until teachers complained about dues overcharging and an external audit found millions of dollars missing in 2002. Defense attorneys have said that Hemphill and Baxter were unwitting pawns, either tricked or intimidated by Bullock into taking union money and concealing the theft.

Bullock told jurors yesterday that she repeatedly charged the union for whatever she liked. "I like jewelry. I like china. I like crystal. I like shoes -- you name it," she said.

She said she knew Hemphill and Baxter used the union credit card for personal purposes as well and never cautioned them about spending members' dues on themselves.

"To be honest with you, that just never crossed my mind," she said.

Jurors gawked as prosecutors brought into court some of Bullock's more extravagant purchases, including a $5,000 sterling silver champagne cooler, the $50,000 silver set she bought in a New Orleans antique shop and a mahogany-black, custom-made fur coat that she said cost roughly $40,000.

Bullock said the silver set was mailed to Hemphill's home, where she and Hemphill arranged for the bills for the union's American Express cards to be sent to avoid detection of their embezzlement. She said she never looked at the bills, which Hemphill paid, but later learned that $29,000 in dental work had been charged to her union card. She testified that Hemphill and her husband had been getting dental implants at the time of the credit charges.


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