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For Anbar's Rookie Governor, It's One Tough Day at a Time

Mamoun Sami Rashid, right, the governor of Anbar province since June 1, confers with a colleague in his office at Ramadi's Government Center, a frequent target of insurgent attacks.
Mamoun Sami Rashid, right, the governor of Anbar province since June 1, confers with a colleague in his office at Ramadi's Government Center, a frequent target of insurgent attacks. "It is not the safest job," Rashid acknowledged. (By Omar Fekeiki -- The Washington Post)

Because the Marines have sought to keep the center open to the public, virtually anyone is admitted, as long as the person has some form of identification and is unarmed. Insurgents often gain entry this way and post threatening messages on walls and office doors, warning politicians not to cooperate with the U.S. government.

Rashid emerged to fill a leadership vacuum left here May 29 when the body of Gov. Raja Nawaf Farhan Mahalawi was found in a house near the city of Rawah after a firefight between Marines and insurgents.

As local leaders cast about for someone to fill Mahalawi's shoes, the province's police chief made a brief and ill-fated bid, setting up shop in the governor's office and convening meetings of supporters. Marines told him to return to his previous post. Then a former Anbar governor, Fassal Raikan Nijres Gaood, who was voted out of office in January, declared the election invalid and pronounced himself the province's rightful leader.

But under Iraqi law, only the provincial council could fill the position. On June 1, it chose Rashid, who once led Anbar's provincial capital.

Frustrated by the failure of bureaucrats to come to work, he began his tenure by instituting a rule that they must arrive by 9 a.m. and get his permission to leave before 2 p.m. He also implemented tighter controls over reconstruction funds distributed by the U.S. military.

The competition for reconstruction contracts has been replete with scams, military officials here said. For example, when the Marines instituted a policy requiring at least three bids for contracts exceeding $10,000, they found that the same company had made offers on three different sets of letterhead.

"Thank God we still have control over the purse strings or it would just be all war profiteering and corruption," said Maj. Benjamin Busch, a civil affairs officer.

Rashid showed his intolerance of wasteful spending at a recent meeting of the Provincial Reconstruction Development Committee. Seated around a large wooden conference table were business and political leaders and a few Marine officers. About halfway into the four-hour session, an engineer asked the Marines for $49,000 to repair potholes on a Ramadi street.

"This is not a project that needs so much money," Rashid interjected sharply. "I will not give $49,000 to fix one hole in a street."

Much of the discussion at the meeting focused on how reconstruction projects here have been disrupted by the continuing attacks.

In another sign of the influence insurgents wield in the region, on June 16, local Sunni leaders scheduled a conference on the future of Anbar at Ramadi's main mosque. The Marines agreed to stay almost a mile away from the site so as not to intimidate any of the several hundred expected guests. But dozens of masked, gun-toting insurgents gathered in the streets outside the mosque and shooed away anyone who tried to go inside.

"Could we go in house-by-house and level half the city? Yes, we could. But I don't think it has to be done here the way we did Fallujah," Sokoloski said. "We have a new governor in place who is engaged and who we believe in. Why would we want to go in and destroy all that?"

"We don't have as large a force as they had here last year, so we have to be more focused and smarter," he said.

Instead, Marines are working to fix the province's police force. Police across Anbar were fired last November when many stopped coming to work after the Fallujah offensive. After being reinstated, they were dismissed again after refusing to patrol the streets during Iraq's Jan. 30 elections.

Insurgents have destroyed all but two of Ramadi's police stations, and while the province has more than 1,000 policemen on its payrolls, only a few unarmed traffic officers work the streets.

In what Marines describe as an encouraging sign, a few dozen policemen have begun showing up at the Government Center for training sessions. Last week they practiced storming a vacant building with AK-47 rifles that they are permitted to carry only during training.

"We are frustrated. We haven't been patrolling for three months now," said Ali Rasmi Khalaf, 38, a 13-year police veteran. "We could go out if we had weapons."

But the Marines say the officers are not yet ready to return to the streets. "They need a lot of work," said Maj. Jonathan Foster, a liaison to the local police, who chided trainees for pointing their rifles at each other's feet as they entered the building.

"The question is, do you want to throw them back out there and have it be a disaster and have a bunch of people killed?" he added. "Or do you want to wait until it might be successful? Things here sometimes take longer than anyone would like."

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