Former KPMG Partners May Be Charged

By Carrie Johnson
Washington Post Staff Writer
Wednesday, August 3, 2005

Federal prosecutors have notified as many as 20 former partners at the accounting firm KPMG LLP, including some who were members of its senior management team, that they could face criminal charges for their role in selling tax shelters in the 1990s, according to people familiar with the case.

Government lawyers have not yet decided whether to bring criminal charges against the firm, but they are asking for tough concessions from KPMG as the price of any potential settlement. At the same time they also are focusing on individual executives involved in the tax shelters, according to sources, who spoke on condition of anonymity because of the delicate stage of the investigation.

Earlier this year, federal prosecutors in New York had recommended that KPMG face criminal charges, but senior Justice Department officials in Washington expressed concerns about the prospect of another accounting firm collapse after the 2002 demise of Arthur Andersen LLP and the Supreme Court's reversal in May of Andersen's criminal conviction, according to the sources. Instead, both prosecutors and the firm continue to negotiate.

The KPMG probe, which dates back several years, could be the next major case in a string of business fraud prosecutions that surfaced after the collapses of Enron Corp. and WorldCom Inc. KPMG was one of several firms that sold questionable tax shelters to wealthy clients, creating lucrative sources of revenue.

After reports of possible criminal charges against KPMG appeared in June, the firm issued a statement apologizing for "unlawful" activity by former partners and pledged to cooperate with investigators. The firm turned over batches of documents, pressured dozens of tax executives to resign, and imposed caps on their attorney fees.

Analysts say those moves could help persuade regulators to forgo an indictment and instead impose lesser sanctions, such as requiring the firm to pay millions of dollars in financial penalties and admitting facts that could implicate former employees. Negotiations between prosecutors and the firm continue and a resolution could be weeks away. The talks are taking place as several key Justice Department figures are in transition, including the U.S. attorney in the Southern District of New York and the head of Justice's criminal division. The assistant attorney general for tax issues has recused herself from the case, sources said.

The final agreement could be similar to Merrill Lynch & Co.'s pact with the Justice Department over its dealings with Enron, in which the firm agreed to increased monitoring and other business changes.

That gives little solace to the former partners, several of whom testified at a 2003 Senate hearing -- which cited internal KPMG correspondence about whether the shelters would pass muster with the Internal Revenue Service. Some of the officials speculated in memos released at the Senate hearing that the firm should roll the dice and approve the deals, since it was likely to make more in fees than any penalties the government would impose.

KPMG sold the shelters to 350 people and reaped about $124 million in fees between 1997 and 2001, the report said.

"The only possible way to have made these people behave -- they were so far below professional standards -- is in fact that some people have to go to jail," said Calvin H. Johnson, a tax law professor at the University of Texas at Austin who has written about the KPMG case.

Unlike in the Andersen investigation, in which only one mid-level audit partner pleaded guilty to obstruction of justice, prosecutors are scrutinizing senior people at KPMG, one of the four big remaining audit firms in the nation.

Among those at KPMG who are facing government scrutiny are such high-ranking officials as its former deputy chairman, the onetime head of the firm's tax services unit and the former leader of the District-based national tax practice.

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