WORLD IN BRIEF
Al Qaeda Lays Claim To London Attacks
CAIRO -- The second-ranking leader of al Qaeda, Ayman Zawahiri, said in a statement broadcast Monday that his terror network carried out the July 7 bombings in London, marking the group's first direct assertion of responsibility for attacks on the city's transportation system that killed 56 people, including the four presumed bombers.
"The blessed London attack was one which al Qaeda was honored to launch against the British Crusader's arrogance and against the American Crusader aggression on the Islamic nation for 100 years," Zawahiri, shown wearing a white turban, said on the videotape, a portion of which was aired on the al-Jazeera television network.
A spokeswoman for London's Metropolitan Police said she had no immediate comment on the statement.
Zawahiri also challenged the legitimacy of Sunday's legislative elections in Afghanistan, a reference that suggested the tape was made recently.
The al Qaeda leader also criticized Britain's plan to deport Abu Qatada, a radical cleric, and nine others detained after the London bombings. Spanish officials have described Abu Qatada as al Qaeda's "spiritual ambassador in Europe."
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· MEXICO CITY -- Mexican prosecutors filed long-awaited charges against former president Luis Echeverria for a 1968 massacre of students by government troops that was the bloodiest moment of a brutal crackdown on dissidents.
In the latest test of President Vicente Fox's pledge to punish those responsible for past repression, a special prosecutor presented genocide and kidnapping charges against Echeverria, 83, and seven others for the Oct. 2, 1968, bloodbath at a student rally in Mexico City.
"It has been almost 37 years of impunity and justice denied," prosecutor Ignacio Carrillo Prieto said. "Now for the first time it is possible that the justice system may perform its duty."
The criminal court judge in Mexico City was expected to decide this week whether to order the arrest of Echeverria, who was interior minister and head of national security at the time of the massacre. Officials said police and soldiers killed about 30 people but witnesses put the death toll as high as 300. Echeverria was president from 1970 to 1976.
· GUATEMALA CITY -- Three presumed gang members were shot and beaten to death in the latest deadly clashes between street gangs in Guatemala's prisons that started last month when a peace pact collapsed, police said. The men, believed to be members of the Mara Salvatrucha gang, were attacked with guns, stones and sticks by members of a rival gang, Mara 18, said a police spokesman, Carlos Calju. The gangs, formed in the United States by migrants who fled the wars in Central America during the 1980s, now have tens of thousands of members throughout the region and the United States.