Anna Burger to Head Breakaway Labor Group
Tuesday, September 27, 2005
In 1972, the year Anna Burger started a wildcat strike of Philadelphia social workers, organized labor did not look like a promising career for a liberal, antiwar feminist.
The AFL-CIO, under the leadership of George Meany, was tilting rightward, refusing to endorse Democratic presidential nominee George S. McGovern. Meany demonstrated his preference by golfing with President Richard M. Nixon.
Today, Burger will be formally chosen to run the newly created Change to Win Coalition -- a milestone that shows how far the labor movement has come from the days when Meany reigned. A tough-minded organizer and political strategist, Burger was handpicked by the leaders of insurgent unions who earlier this year took flight from the AFL-CIO and hope to create a new labor empire capable of reversing the political and bargaining setbacks workers have suffered in recent decades.
The union leaders who selected Burger -- Service Employees International Union (SEIU) President Andrew L. Stern, Teamsters President James P. Hoffa, Unite Here co-Presidents John W. Wilhelm and Bruce S. Raynor, and the Laborers' Terence M. O'Sullivan -- are all white men, but it was not incidental that they chose a woman to lead their coalition. One of the insurrection's goals is to revive the strength of unions by doing more to organize women and minorities.
"I don't think it's specifically important whether we have a woman chair," Wilhelm said, "but I do think having a diverse leadership that is reflective of the members of American unions is extremely important."
Burger, who turns 55 today, noted in an interview that "the AFL has been getting smaller my entire life."
Her ascension will take place at a one-day convention in St. Louis today to pick officers, approve a constitution, set dues as 25 cents a month for each member of the coalition's unions, less than half the 65-cent dues of the AFL-CIO, and hear speeches. About 450 union activists are expected.
Burger, who will serve a two-year term, has been secretary-treasurer of the SEIU. Stern, her boss there, has been the driving force in the formation of the Change to Win Coalition. For Burger and Stern, the creation of the coalition represents a challenge to a man who had been a mentor. AFL-CIO President John J. Sweeney was previously at the SEIU. Burger managed his 1995 campaign to head the AFL-CIO. But Burger and Stern say he has allowed the labor movement to lose influence.
Shying from high-profile confrontations has rarely been a problem for Burger. Steve Rosenthal, a veteran organizer, recalled what he calls "the perfect Anna Burger story": In 1986, Burger, an officer in the Pennsylvania SEIU, was on maternity leave with a 3-week-old daughter when Gov. Richard L. Thornburgh banned state workers from registering voters on state property.
Burger immediately took her daughter, Erin, to Harrisburg and joined in voter registration in the lobby of the state capitol, challenging state police to arrest the mother of an infant. Thornburgh backed off from the arrest policy.
Burger's rise to become chairman of the Change to Win Coalition is evidence of an ideological and demographic restructuring of the union movement.
When Meany was in charge in 1972, well over 60 percent of union members were white men. Private-sector unions -- the Teamsters, Steelworkers, Auto Workers and Electrical Workers -- dominated the trade union movement, while public employees made up just 11 percent of the unionized workforce. Labor politics were increasingly right of the Democratic center, and the young liberals and radicals of the 1960s and early 1970s were anathema to many unions.