Japan Loses Contact With Asteroid Lander

The Associated Press
Sunday, November 13, 2005; 8:58 PM

TOKYO -- Japan's space agency has lost contact with a wayward probe that botched an attempted rehearsal landing in a mission to collect surface samples from an asteroid and return to Earth, an official said Monday.

The coffee can-sized Minerva robotic lander has been drifting above the asteroid since Saturday, when it was deployed from the mother probe Hayabusa, which is scheduled to attempt its own landings later this month.

Mission controllers can no longer contact Minerva or control its movements, and are hoping the solar wind will guide the probe back to the potato-shaped asteroid Itokawa for a possible soft landing, space agency spokesman Kiyotaka Yashiro said.

"It didn't touch down and we're not sure where it will go," Yashiro said. "Hayabusa took a photo of Minerva floating between it and the asteroid. It was just a dot."

The loss is the latest glitch in Japan's attempt to complete the world's first two-way trip to an asteroid. A similar rehearsal touch down was aborted earlier this month when the spacecraft had trouble finding a landing spot.

Hayabusa also had an earlier problem with one of its three gyroscopes.

But JAXA, Japan's space agency, says Hayabusa's condition is fine now and that the main probe is still on track for its own landings to collect surface material from Itokawa on Nov. 19 and Nov. 25.

In preparation for Hayabusa's landings, Minerva had been expected to hop around on the asteroid's surface, collecting data with three small color cameras. But its loss does not seriously affect plans to land Hayabusa, Yashiro said.

Hayabusa was launched in May 2003 and has until early December before it must leave orbit and begin its 180 million-mile journey home. It is expected to return to Earth and land in the Australian Outback in June 2007.

The asteroid is named after Hideo Itokawa, the father of rocket science in Japan, and is orbiting the sun between Earth and Mars. It is 2,300 feet long and 1,000 feet wide and has a gravitational pull only one-one-hundred-thousandth of Earth's, characteristics that make landing a probe there difficult.

Japan was the fourth country to launch a satellite, in 1972, and announced earlier this year a major project to send its first astronauts into space and set up a base on the moon by 2025.

Examining asteroid samples is expected to help unlock the secrets of how celestial bodies formed because their surfaces are believed to have remained relatively unchanged over the eons, unlike those of larger bodies such the planets or moons, JAXA said.

A NASA probe collected data for two weeks from the Manhattan-sized asteroid Eros in 2001, but did not return with samples.

© 2005 The Associated Press