Iraqi Official's Visit to Sunni Province Underscores Depth of Distrust

Soldiers from Shiite Muslim cities chant for Shiite parties in Ramadi, where they had gathered at a polling station to vote ahead of election day.
Soldiers from Shiite Muslim cities chant for Shiite parties in Ramadi, where they had gathered at a polling station to vote ahead of election day. (Pool Photo By Ben Curtis Via Associated Press)
By Jonathan Finer
Washington Post Foreign Service
Tuesday, December 13, 2005

RAMADI, Iraq, Dec. 12 -- About a half-hour after it began, the meeting on how to improve security in violent Anbar province became a heated argument, with Iraq's defense minister accusing local leaders of turning their territory into a terrorist sanctuary.

"This province has become a safe haven for all the evil people all over the world who come into Iraq," said the minister, Sadoun Dulaimi, who is from Anbar and, like most of the fighters in Iraq's insurgency, a Sunni Muslim. He told the gathering he was speaking "in all honesty, as one of yours, a relative, a son, a brother."

"Terrorism is a virus," he continued. "I plead with you not to open your homes to such evil viruses."

Several locals voiced their dissent as Dulaimi tried to continue, saying he wanted them to be "part of the solution, not part of the problem."

"With all due respect, Mr. Minister," said Saab Rawi, who identified himself as a former major general in the army of ousted president Saddam Hussein, "what you are talking about is imposing a solution on us we do not want." Others shook their heads and said, "No, no, no," as Dulaimi tried to go on with his remarks above the din.

The meeting was the latest in a series of gatherings here between religious and tribal leaders from Iraq's Sunni Arab minority and the U.S. Marines who police the restive province, a vast desert swath west of Baghdad. Like earlier sessions, the meeting was notable for the participants' widely divergent views of how security could best be achieved.

In Ramadi, a war-weary provincial capital of 400,000 that Dulaimi likened to a "ghost town," the police force was disbanded this year after many officers simply stopped showing up for work following a spate of insurgent attacks against them. A provincial police force that the Marines have been working to develop suffered a setback last month when its chief was accused of stealing officers' salaries and arrested.

Held at a fortified government complex in the heart of Ramadi, Monday's meeting began with locals asking the Marines to withdraw from the province's cities and allow them to create a new army division for Anbar, drawn from the local population.

The meeting ended in private. As the debate intensified 45 minutes into the two-hour session, Army Gen. George Casey, the commander of U.S. forces in Iraq, who had accompanied Dulaimi, asked journalists who had been shuttled to Ramadi by the U.S. Embassy to cover the event to leave the room.

Before the session was closed to reporters, Dulaimi, a member of one of the province's most prominent tribes, said he was saddened by the recent news that a woman from Anbar had been among the group that bombed hotels in Amman, Jordan, last month.

"I was hoping to hear a condemnation from this council of the woman who violated the honor of the province," he said. "And I was also hoping to hear a condemnation that to shed the innocent blood of Muslims is a sin."

He rejected the local leaders' demand for a new army unit for the province. U.S. policymakers have said they hope to withdraw troops from cities when Iraqi forces are ready to take over and a suitable level of security is achieved.

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